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:coffee: Java bindings for Asciidoctor. Asciidoctor on the JVM!

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= AsciidoctorJ: Java bindings for Asciidoctor Alex Soto[@lordofthejars]; Dan Allen[@mojavelinux]; Robert Panzer[@robertpanzer] // Settings: :compat-mode!: :page-layout: base :toc: macro :toclevels: 2 ifdef::awestruct[:toclevels: 1] :experimental: //:table-caption!: :source-language: java :language: {source-language} ifndef::env-github[:icons: font] ifdef::env-github[] :badges: :!toc-title: :caution-caption: :fire: :important-caption: :exclamation: :note-caption: :paperclip: :tip-caption: :bulb: :warning-caption: :warning: endif::[] // Aliases: :dagger: † // URIs: ifdef::awestruct[:uri-docs: link:/docs] ifndef::awestruct[:uri-docs:] :uri-asciidoctor: {uri-docs}/what-is-asciidoctor :uri-repo: :uri-issues: {uri-repo}/issues :uri-zulip: :artifact-version: 2.4.3 :asciidoctorj-epub3-version: 1.5.0-alpha.19 :asciidoctorj-pdf-version: 1.5.4 :uri-maven-artifact-query:{artifact-version}%22 :uri-maven-artifact-detail:{artifact-version}%7Cjar :uri-maven-artifact-file:{artifact-version}/asciidoctorj-{artifact-version} :uri-maven-artifact-api-query:{artifact-version}%22 :uri-maven-artifact-api-detail:{artifact-version}%7Cjar :uri-maven-artifact-api-file:{artifact-version}/asciidoctorj-api-{artifact-version} :uri-maven-guide: {uri-docs}/install-and-use-asciidoctor-maven-plugin :uri-gradle-guide: {uri-docs}/install-and-use-asciidoctor-gradle-plugin :uri-tilt: :uri-font-awesome: :uri-gradle: :uri-chocolatey:

{uri-repo}[AsciidoctorJ] is the official library for running {uri-asciidoctor}[Asciidoctor] on the JVM. Using AsciidoctorJ, you can convert AsciiDoc content or analyze the structure of a parsed AsciiDoc document from Java and other JVM languages.

You can find the documentation for integrating Asciidoctor in your JVM based language of choice at the[Asciidoctor Docs site].

ifdef::badges[] image:[Build Status (Github Actions)] image:[project chat,link=] endif::[]

ifdef::awestruct,env-browser[] toc::[] endif::[]

== Distribution

AsciidoctorJ is published to Maven Central. The artifact information can be found in the tables below.

[cols="2,2,^2,4"] .Artifact information for AsciidoctorJ in Maven Central |=== |Group Id |Artifact Id |Version |Download

|org.asciidoctor |{uri-maven-artifact-query}[asciidoctorj] |{uri-maven-artifact-detail}[{artifact-version}] |{uri-maven-artifact-file}.pom[pom] {uri-maven-artifact-file}.jar[jar] {uri-maven-artifact-file}-javadoc.jar[javadoc (jar)] {uri-maven-artifact-file}-sources.jar[sources (jar)] distribution ({uri-maven-artifact-file}[zip] {uri-maven-artifact-file}-bin.tar[tar])

|org.asciidoctor |{uri-maven-artifact-api-query}[asciidoctorj-api] |{uri-maven-artifact-api-detail}[{artifact-version}] |{uri-maven-artifact-api-file}.pom[pom] {uri-maven-artifact-api-file}.jar[jar] {uri-maven-artifact-api-file}-javadoc.jar[javadoc (jar)] {uri-maven-artifact-api-file}-sources.jar[sources (jar)]

|org.asciidoctor |asciidoctorj-epub3 |{asciidoctorj-epub3-version} |{empty}

|org.asciidoctor |asciidoctorj-pdf |{asciidoctorj-pdf-version} |{empty} |===

CAUTION: The artifactId changed to

starting in 1.5.0.

== Quick win: using the command line interface

If you download from a distribution link above (zip or tar), you can get started straight away from the command line.

First, expand the downloaded file. That puts everything in directory

. Within that directory are
contains the executables --
for Linux and macOS, and
for Windows.
contains the supporting libraries.

Verify the application runs by specifying the appropriate executable with no parameters; it should display the various run options available (i.e., help).



Linux: asciidoctorj-{artifact-version}/bin/asciidoctorj

Windows: asciidoctorj-{artifact-version}\bin\asciidoctorj.bat

Next, say you want to convert an ASCIIDOC (.adoc) file -- such as this README -- to a pdf.



Linux: asciidoctorj-{artifact-version}/bin/asciidoctorj -b pdf README.adoc

Windows: asciidoctorj-{artifact-version}\bin\asciidoctorj.bat -b pdf README.adoc

Boom! That should convert the README to a PDF named README.pdf. To create a PDF with a different name -- say, READTHIS.pdf -- just add the -o switch:



Linux: asciidoctorj-{artifact-version}/bin/asciidoctorj -b pdf -o READTHIS.pdf README.adoc

Windows: asciidoctorj-{artifact-version}\bin\asciidoctorj.bat -b pdf -o READTHIS.pdf README.adoc

The rest of the document addresses the asciidoctorj API, for doing more complex conversions from within a JVM-based application.

== Installation

To start using AsciidoctorJ, you need to add the required dependency to the dependency management system of your choice, Maven, Gradle or Apache Ivy. If you don't use a Dependency Management system please check the dependency graph and add all jars in it to your classpath.

// SW: Need functional tests for a java maven project and a java gradle project

[source,xml] [subs="specialcharacters,attributes,callouts"]

.Declaring the dependency in a Maven build file (i.e., pom.xml)

org.asciidoctor asciidoctorj {artifact-version} <!--1-->

[source,groovy] [subs="specialcharacters,attributes,callouts"]

.Declaring the dependency in a Gradle build file (e.g., build.gradle)

dependencies { compile 'org.asciidoctor:asciidoctorj:{artifact-version}'


[source,scala] [subs="specialcharacters,attributes,callouts"]

.Declaring the dependency in an SBT build file (e.g., build.sbt)

libraryDependencies += "org.asciidoctor" % "asciidoctorj" % "{artifact-version}" // <1>

<1> Specifying the version of AsciidoctorJ implicitly selects the version of Asciidoctor

[source,clojure] [subs="specialcharacters,attributes,callouts"]

.Declaring the dependency in a Leiningen build file (e.g., project.clj)

:dependencies [[org.asciidoctor/asciidoctorj "{artifact-version}"]]

// DA: Should we mention how to download if you just want to use the asciidoctorj command?


In addition to using AsciidoctorJ directly, you can invoke it as part of your build using the Maven or Gradle plugin.

  • {uri-maven-guide}[How to Install and Use the Asciidoctor Maven Plugin]

- {uri-gradle-guide}[How to Install and Use the Asciidoctor Gradle Plugin]

[NOTE] The versions of Asciidoctor and AsciidoctorJ no longer align since version 1.6.0 of AsciidoctorJ. Please check the corresponding release notes to find out which version of Asciidoctor is packaged if you are embedding the library. If you use the distribution you can call

asciidoctorj --version
to get the version of Asciidoctor that is embedded in AsciidoctorJ.

=== Windows Installation

A {uri-chocolatey}[Chocolatey] package is available which installs the asciidoctorj-{artifact-version} Maven artifact along with a binary shim in %ChocolateyInstall%\bin which lets you run AsciidoctorJ from the command line.

C:> choco install asciidoctorj C:> where asciidoctorj C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\bin\asciidoctorj.exe

C:> asciidoctorj -b pdf README.adoc

== Using a pre-release version

Pre-release versions of

are published to The exact location of the repository will be announced. Final releases are released to both Maven Central.

Here's how to use a pre-release version in Maven:

[source, xml]


<1> The exact URL differs for every build

== Using a snapshot version

Snapshot versions will be published to To use a snapshot version of the the AsciidoctorJ library add this repository to your project:


snapshots true false

If you build your project using {uri-gradle}[Gradle] add the repository like this to your build:


repositories { maven { url '' }


== Development

AsciidoctorJ is built using {uri-gradle}[Gradle]. The project is structured as a multi-module build.

=== Project layout

The root folder is the root project and there are several subproject folders, each prefixed with asciidoctorj-. Each subproject produces a primary artifact (e.g., jar or zip) and its supporting artifacts (e.g., javadoc, sources, etc).

The subprojects are as follows:

asciidoctorj-api:: The common API for AsciidoctorJ. Other implementations for different platforms than JRuby may reuse and implement this API. Produces the asciidoctorj-api.jar

asciidoctorj:: The main Java bindings for the Asciidoctor RubyGem (asciidoctor) running on JRuby. Also bundles optional RubyGems needed at runtime, such as coderay, tilt, haml and slim. Produces the asciidoctorj jar.

asciidoctorj-distribution:: Produces the distribution zip that provides the standalone


asciidoctorj-arquillian-extension:: Bundles an Arquillian extension that allows to inject an Asciidoctor instance or other instances commonly used by Asciidoctor tests into a test case.

asciidoctorj-test-support:: Contains some common test classes that are used by multiple other subprojects and the Arquillian extension.

The Gradle build is partitioned into the following files:

.... build.gradle settings.gradle gradle/ wrapper/ ... eclipse.gradle providedConfiguration.gradle publish.gradle sign.gradle asciidoctorj-arquillian-extension/ build.gradle asciidoctorj-api/ build.gradle asciidoctorj-core/ build.gradle asciidoctorj-distribution/ build.gradle asciidoctorj-test-support/ build.gradle ....

=== Build the project

You invoke Gradle on this project using the

command (i.e., the Gradle Wrapper).

TIP: We strongly recommend that you use Gradle via the[Gradle daemon].

To clone the project, compile the source and build the artifacts (i.e., jars) locally, run:

$ git clone cd asciidoctorj ./gradlew assemble

You can find the built artifacts in the [path]asciidoctorj-*/build/libs folders.

To execute tests when running the build, use:

$ ./gradlew build

To only execute the tests, run:

$ ./gradlew check

You can also run tests for a single module:

$ cd asciidoctorj-core ../gradlew check

To run a single test in the asciidoctorj-core subproject, use:

$ ../gradlew -Dsingle.test=NameOfTestClass test

To create the distribution, run:

$ ./gradlew distZip

You can find the distribution in the [path]asciidoctorj-distribution/build/distributions folder.

=== Develop in an IDE

==== IntelliJ IDEA

To import the project into IntelliJ IDEA 14, simply import the project using the import wizard. For more information, see the[Gradle page] in the IntelliJ IDEA Web Help.

==== Eclipse

To open the project in Eclipse, first generate the Eclipse project files:

$ cd asciidoctorj-core ./gradlew eclipse

Then, import the project into Eclipse using menu:File[Import,General,Existing Project into Workspace].

=== Continuous integration

Continuous integration for the AsciidoctorJ project is performed by GitHub Actions. You can find recent build results, including the build status of pull requests, on the[asciidoctor/asciidoctorj] page.

=== Release and publish the artifacts

To build and publish a release the following properties have to be set, for example in the file ~/.gradle/



signing.keyId=... # <1> signing.password=... signing.secretKeyRingFile=/home/YOUR_USERNAME/.gnupg/secring.gpg

sdkmanconsumerkey=... # <2> sdkmanconsumertoken=...

sonatypeUsername=... # <3>


<1> Settings for signing the artifacts <2> Credentials for publishing a new release to sdkman <3> Credentials for publishing artifacts to

The following steps are necessary to build a new release:

. Update the version in to a release version, i.e. from

. . Build the release with


./gradlew clean build

. After testing publish all artifacts to a local repository under



./gradlew publishAllPublicationsToLocalRepository -i

. When everything is fine publish the artifacts to a staging repository on and close the repository:


./gradlew publishAllPublicationsToSonatypeRepository -i

./gradlew closeRepository -i

. Visit[] and check the staging repository. The artifacts are not published yet. The repository URL shown there can be used for testing this version before publishing to Maven central. . When everything is fine publish the artifacts in the staging repository by clicking the "Release" button. Alternatively you can release it with


./gradlew releaseRepository

. Publish the new version to sdkman with


./gradlew asciidoctorj-distribution:sdkMajorRelease

. Commit everything and assign a tag:


git commit -m "Release v2.x.y"

git tag v2.x.y

. Upgrade the version to the next version by changing the version property in to

and commit:


git commit -m "Prepare next release"

== Resources

The source code for AsciidoctorJ, including the latest developments and issues, can be found in the project's {uri-repo}[repository] on GitHub. If you identify an issue while using AsciidoctorJ, please don't hesitate to {uri-issues}[file a bug report]. Also, don't forget to join the {uri-zulip}[Asciidoctor Zulip community], where you can ask questions and leave comments.

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