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Server-side rendering and Prerendering for Angular

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Angular Universal

Angular Universal

Table of Contents


The Angular Universal project is a community driven project to expand on the core APIs from Angular (platform-server) to enable developers to do server side rendering of Angular applications in a variety of scenarios.

This repository will host the various tools like engines to integrate with various backends(NodeJS, ASP.NET etc.) and also extra modules and examples to help you started with server side rendering.

The Universal project is driven by community contributions. Please send us your Pull Requests!

Getting Started

Angular Universal Guide


The packages from this repo are published as scoped packages under @nguniversal

Universal "Gotchas"

Moved to /docs/



  • Integrate the platform API into core
  • Support Title and Meta services on the server
  • Develop Express, ASP.NET Core, Hapi engines
  • Angular CLI support for Universal
  • Provide a DOM implementation on the server
  • Hooks in
    to do stuff just before rendering to string
  • Generic state transfer API in the platform
  • Http Transfer State Module that uses HTTP interceptors and state transfer API
  • Material 2 works on Universal
  • Write documentation for core API
  • Support AppShell use cases
  • Development server/watch mode builder with livereload for CLI


  • Full client rehydration strategy that reuses DOM elements/CSS rendered on the server
  • Better internal performance and stress tests
  • Make it easier to write unit tests for Universal components
  • Node.js bridge protocol to communicate with different language backends - Django, Go, PHP etc.


Control server-rendered page and transfer state before client-side web app loads to the client-side-app. Repo

What's in a name?

We believe that using the word "universal" is correct when referring to a JavaScript Application that runs in more environments than the browser. (inspired by Universal JavaScript)

Universal Team


MIT License

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