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angular /angular-seed

Seed project for angular apps.

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— the seed for AngularJS apps

This project is an application skeleton for a typical AngularJS web app. You can use it to quickly bootstrap your angular webapp projects and dev environment for these projects.

The seed contains a sample AngularJS application and is preconfigured to install the AngularJS framework and a bunch of development and testing tools for instant web development gratification.

The seed app doesn't do much, just shows how to wire two controllers and views together.

Getting Started

To get you started you can simply clone the


repository and install the dependencies:


You need git to clone the


repository. You can get git from here.

We also use a number of Node.js tools to initialize and test


. You must have Node.js and its package manager (npm) installed. You can get them from here.



Clone the


repository using git:

git clone cd angular-seed

If you just want to start a new project without the


commit history then you can do:

git clone --depth=1 <your-project-name>



tells git to only pull down one commit worth of historical data.

Install Dependencies

We have two kinds of dependencies in this project: tools and AngularJS framework code. The tools help us manage and test the application.

We have preconfigured


to automatically copy the downloaded AngularJS files to


so we can simply do:

npm install

Behind the scenes this will also call

npm run copy-libs

, which copies the AngularJS files and other front end dependencies. After that, you should find out that you have two new directories in your project.

  • contains the npm packages for the tools we need

  • contains the AngularJS framework files and other front end dependencies

_Note copying the AngularJS files from




makes it easier to serve the files by a web server._

Run the Application

We have preconfigured the project with a simple development web server. The simplest way to start this server is:

npm start

Now browse to the app at [



Directory Layout

app/ --\> all of the source files for the application app.css --\> default stylesheet core/ --\> all app specific modules version/ --\> version related components version.js --\> version module declaration and basic "version" value service version\_test.js --\> "version" value service tests version-directive.js --\> custom directive that returns the current app version version-directive\_test.js --\> version directive tests interpolate-filter.js --\> custom interpolation filter interpolate-filter\_test.js --\> interpolate filter tests view1/ --\> the view1 view template and logic view1.html --\> the partial template view1.js --\> the controller logic view1\_test.js --\> tests of the controller view2/ --\> the view2 view template and logic view2.html --\> the partial template view2.js --\> the controller logic view2\_test.js --\> tests of the controller app.js --\> main application module index.html --\> app layout file (the main html template file of the app) index-async.html --\> just like index.html, but loads js files asynchronously e2e-tests/ --\> end-to-end tests protractor-conf.js --\> Protractor config file scenarios.js --\> end-to-end scenarios to be run by Protractor karma.conf.js --\> config file for running unit tests with Karma package.json --\> Node.js specific metadata, including development tools dependencies package-lock.json --\> Npm specific metadata, including versions of installed development tools dependencies


There are two kinds of tests in the


application: Unit tests and end-to-end tests.

Running Unit Tests



app comes preconfigured with unit tests. These are written in Jasmine, which we run with the Karma test runner. We provide a Karma configuration file to run them.

  • The configuration is found at
  • The unit tests are found next to the code they are testing and have a
    suffix (e.g.

The easiest way to run the unit tests is to use the supplied npm script:

npm test

This script will start the Karma test runner to execute the unit tests. Moreover, Karma will start watching the source and test files for changes and then re-run the tests whenever any of them changes. This is the recommended strategy; if your unit tests are being run every time you save a file then you receive instant feedback on any changes that break the expected code functionality.

You can also ask Karma to do a single run of the tests and then exit. This is useful if you want to check that a particular version of the code is operating as expected. The project contains a predefined script to do this:

npm run test-single-run

Running End-to-End Tests



app comes with end-to-end tests, again written in Jasmine. These tests are run with the Protractor End-to-End test runner. It uses native events and has special features for AngularJS applications.

  • The configuration is found at
  • The end-to-end tests are found in

Protractor simulates interaction with our web app and verifies that the application responds correctly. Therefore, our web server needs to be serving up the application, so that Protractor can interact with it.

Before starting Protractor, open a separate terminal window and run:

npm start

In addition, since Protractor is built upon WebDriver, we need to ensure that it is installed and up-to-date. The


project is configured to do this automatically before running the end-to-end tests, so you don't need to worry about it. If you want to manually update the WebDriver, you can run:

npm run update-webdriver

Once you have ensured that the development web server hosting our application is up and running, you can run the end-to-end tests using the supplied npm script:

npm run protractor

This script will execute the end-to-end tests against the application being hosted on the development server.

Note:Under the hood, Protractor uses the Selenium Standalone Server, which in turn requires the Java Development Kit (JDK) to be installed on your local machine. Check this by running

java -version

from the command line.

If JDK is not already installed, you can download it here.

Updating AngularJS and other dependencies

Since the AngularJS framework library code and tools are acquired through package managers (e.g. npm) you can use these tools to easily update the dependencies. Simply run the preconfigured script:

npm run update-deps

This will call

npm update


npm run copy-libs

, which in turn will find and install the latest versions that match the version ranges specified in the



If you want to update a dependency to a version newer than what the specificed range would permit, you can change the version range in


and then run

npm run update-deps

as usual.

Loading AngularJS Asynchronously



project supports loading the framework and application scripts asynchronously. The special


is designed to support this style of loading. For it to work you must inject a piece of AngularJS JavaScript into the HTML page. The project has a predefined script to help do this:

npm run update-index-async

This will copy the contents of the


library file into the


page. You can run this every time you update the version of AngularJS that you are using.

Serving the Application Files

While AngularJS is client-side-only technology and it is possible to create AngularJS web apps that do not require a backend server at all, we recommend serving the project files using a local web server during development to avoid issues with security restrictions (sandbox) in browsers. The sandbox implementation varies between browsers, but quite often prevents things like cookies, XHR, etc to function properly when an HTML page is opened via the


scheme instead of



Running the App during Development



project comes preconfigured with a local development web server. It is a Node.js tool called http-server. You can start this web server with

npm start

, but you may choose to install the tool globally:

sudo npm install -g http-server

Then you can start your own development web server to serve static files from any folder by running:

http-server -a localhost -p 8000

Alternatively, you can choose to configure your own web server, such as Apache or Nginx. Just configure your server to serve the files under the



Running the App in Production

This really depends on how complex your app is and the overall infrastructure of your system, but the general rule is that all you need in production are the files under the


directory. Everything else should be omitted.

AngularJS apps are really just a bunch of static HTML, CSS and JavaScript files that need to be hosted somewhere they can be accessed by browsers.

If your AngularJS app is talking to the backend server via XHR or other means, you need to figure out what is the best way to host the static files to comply with the same origin policy if applicable. Usually this is done by hosting the files by the backend server or through reverse-proxying the backend server(s) and web server(s).

Continuous Integration

Travis CI

Travis CI is a continuous integration service, which can monitor GitHub for new commits to your repository and execute scripts such as building the app or running tests. The


project contains a Travis configuration file,


, which will cause Travis to run your tests when you push to GitHub.

You will need to enable the integration between Travis and GitHub. See theTravis website for instructions on how to do this.


For more information on AngularJS please check out

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