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About the developer

alkhe
198 Stars 10 Forks 152 Commits 11 Opened issues

Description

Scaffold an isomorphic Cycle.js app in seconds.

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cyc

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cyc provides an intuitive and hassle-free starting point for Cycle.js applications. It comes with production and development webpack configurations, dynamic hot reloading, Babel transpilation, unintrusive long-term caching, and an isomorphic express server. The cyc boilerplate is scalable, convenient, and highly modular.

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Contents

Features

  • production and development webpack configurations
  • project-wide babel transpilation
  • hot reloading with cycle-restart
  • dynamic isomorphic loading with dynamic-require
  • declarative server endpoints
  • long-term caching

Installing

$ npm install -g cyc-cli babel-cli

Getting Started

Run

cyc
in any directory, and you will be prompted for the name of your project, and what directory to put it in. The directory name defaults to the project name.
$ cyc
  Application Name myapp
  Directory (myapp)
  Copying...
  Populating...
  Done.
$ cd myapp
$ npm i

Then, you can run the server in development.

$ npm run dev

The website is now live on localhost:3000.

Have a look in

./src/js/
and play around with the files. An index page with a BMI calculator and a simple about page are automatically generated. Each file is hot reloadable.

You can also build the server and run it in production. Compiling the client bundles may take a while, because this build step utilizes heavy optimization.

$ npm run mk
$ PORT=80 npm start

Note: When actually hosting a live website, you should change

::1
to
0.0.0.0
or
::
.

npm scripts

  • dev
    start dev server
  • start
    start production server (requires built server and client)
  • mkserver
    build production server (fast)
  • mkclient
    build production client (slow)
  • mk
    build production server and client

How It Works

cyc has some special plumbing that allows much of its code to be flexible and freely run in dev or production, client or server. This feature required close attention to details during the design process.

Server, Client, and Isomorphism

In development, the server is run entirely with

babel-node
, provided by
babel-cli
. In production, the server (output by the
mkserver
build step) is run with the default
node
installation. Application modules, or programs, are parsed with an isolated
babel-register
ed require. Entry-level modules can check the global
CLIENT
variable to determine whether to use server or client logic. This is set to false on the server with
global.CLIENT = false
, while the webpack configuration sets it to
true
with a
DefinePlugin
.

Dynamic Require

Allowing the server to be built for production is one of the main design goals, but due to webpack's poor support for dynamic requires (i.e.

require(variable)
), some special tooling is required. The
dynamic-require
package provides dynamic requires, and supports babel transpilation.

Request Pipeline

For each request, the program is run, and its virtual DOM output is rendered and wrapped in an HTML template. A reference to the actual bundle is then placed at the end of the file. When the response reaches the client, the rendered content is immediately available while the program is loading. Once loaded, the program will bootstrap itself, and the application will be responsive.

Isomorphic Reloading

The server can hot reload modules for server-side rendering, just as the client can with webpack-hmr. Implemented in

hot.js
, the reloading mechanism hooks into the webpack compiler object in the same way that
webpack-hot-middleware
does. When a program dependency is modified, invalidation is trickled down the tree all the way to the entry-level module. Invalidated modules are deleted from the require cache, and re-required with
dynamic-require
, making the updated version of the program available.

Routing

Routes are configured in the

routes.js
file. Each configurable route contains a reference to the index file of its respective program, pug (formerly jade) template, and route path. These routes are then transformed to normalize paths and add compilation metadata for webpack. Each route is then linked to the server request handler. The routing configuration can be customized to make other specific logic available in the request handler.

Long-Term Caching

The server contains a

hashes
object that maps route IDs to their respective bundles. In development, this is reloaded in memory whenever a new compilation is performed. In production, the hashes are read from the
hashes.json
file produced by the
mkclient
build step.

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