Need help with debian-set-up-for-django?
Click the “chat” button below for chat support from the developer who created it, or find similar developers for support.

About the developer

alexey-goloburdin
197 Stars 129 Forks 4 Commits 3 Opened issues

Description

Set up clean Django server for Django projects. Nginx, Gunicorn, Django, Python 3.7, PostgreSQL, Supervisor

Services available

!
?

Need anything else?

Contributors list

# 190,946
Python
Shell
4 commits

Debian Server Set Up for Django Instruction

In this guide we will set up clean Debian server for Python and Django projects. We will configure secure SSH connection, install from Debian repositories and from sources all needed packages and ware it together for working Debian Django server.

Youtube video guide (in Russian)

Create user, setup SSH

Connect through SSH to remote Debian server and update repositories and install some initial needed packages:

sudo apt-get update ; \
sudo apt-get install -y vim mosh tmux htop git curl wget unzip zip gcc build-essential make

Configure SSH:

sudo vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config
    AllowUsers www
    PermitRootLogin no
    PasswordAuthentication no

Restart SSH server, change

www
user password:
sudo service ssh restart
sudo passwd www

Init — must-have packages & ZSH

sudo apt-get install -y zsh tree redis-server nginx zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev libreadline-dev llvm libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev xz-utils tk-dev liblzma-dev python3-dev python-imaging python3-lxml libxslt-dev python-libxml2 python-libxslt1 libffi-dev libssl-dev python-dev gnumeric libsqlite3-dev libpq-dev libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev libjpeg-dev libfreetype6-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev supervisor

Install oh-my-zsh:

sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

Configure some needed aliases:

vim ~/.zshrc
    alias cls="clear"

Install python 3.7

mkdir ~/code

Build from source python 3.7, install with prefix to ~/.python folder:

wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.7.3/Python-3.7.3.tgz ; \
tar xvf Python-3.7.* ; \
cd Python-3.7.3 ; \
mkdir ~/.python ; \
./configure --enable-optimizations --prefix=/home/www/.python ; \
make -j8 ; \
sudo make altinstall

Now python3.7 in

/home/www/.python/bin/python3.7
. Update pip:
sudo /home/www/.python/bin/python3.7 -m pip install -U pip

Ok, now we can pull our project from Git repository (or create own), create and activate Python virtual environment:

cd code
git pull project_git
cd project_dir
python3.7 -m venv env
. ./env/bin/activate

Install and configure PostgreSQL

Install PostgreSQL 11 and configure locales.

wget --quiet -O - https://www.postgresql.org/media/keys/ACCC4CF8.asc | sudo apt-key add - ; \
RELEASE=$(lsb_release -cs) ; \
echo "deb http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt/ ${RELEASE}"-pgdg main | sudo tee  /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgdg.list ; \
sudo apt update ; \
sudo apt -y install postgresql-11 ; \
sudo localedef ru_RU.UTF-8 -i ru_RU -fUTF-8 ; \
export LANGUAGE=ru_RU.UTF-8 ; \
export LANG=ru_RU.UTF-8 ; \
export LC_ALL=ru_RU.UTF-8 ; \
sudo locale-gen ru_RU.UTF-8 ; \
sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales

Add locales to

/etc/profile
:
sudo vim /etc/profile
    export LANGUAGE=ru_RU.UTF-8
    export LANG=ru_RU.UTF-8
    export LC_ALL=ru_RU.UTF-8

Change

postges
password, create clear database named
dbms_db
:
sudo passwd postgres
su - postgres
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/lib/postgresql/11/bin
createdb --encoding UNICODE dbms_db --username postgres
exit

Create

dbms
db user and grand privileges to him:
sudo -u postgres psql
postgres=# ...
create user dbms with password 'some_password';
ALTER USER dbms CREATEDB;
grant all privileges on database dbms_db to dbms;
\c dbms_db
GRANT ALL ON ALL TABLES IN SCHEMA public to dbms;
GRANT ALL ON ALL SEQUENCES IN SCHEMA public to dbms;
GRANT ALL ON ALL FUNCTIONS IN SCHEMA public to dbms;
CREATE EXTENSION pg_trgm;
ALTER EXTENSION pg_trgm SET SCHEMA public;
UPDATE pg_opclass SET opcdefault = true WHERE opcname='gin_trgm_ops';
\q
exit

Now we can test connection. Create

~/.pgpass
with login and password to db for fast connect:
vim ~/.pgpass
    localhost:5432:dbms_db:dbms:some_password
chmod 600 ~/.pgpass
psql -h localhost -U dbms dbms_db

Run SQL dump, if you have:

psql -h localhost dbms_db dbms  < dump.sql

Install and configure supervisor

Now recommended way is using Systemd instead of supervisor. If you need supervisor — welcome:

sudo apt install supervisor

vim /home/www/code/project/bin/start_gunicorn.sh #!/bin/bash source /home/www/code/project/env/bin/activate source /home/www/code/project/env/bin/postactivate exec gunicorn -c "/home/www/code/project/gunicorn_config.py" project.wsgi

chmod +x /home/www/code/project/bin/start_gunicorn.sh

vim project/supervisor.salesbeat.conf [program:www_gunicorn] command=/home/www/code/project/bin/start_gunicorn.sh user=www process_name=%(program_name)s numprocs=1 autostart=true autorestart=true redirect_stderr=true

If you need some Gunicorn example config — welcome:

command = '/home/www/code/project/env/bin/gunicorn'
pythonpath = '/home/www/code/project/project'
bind = '127.0.0.1:8001'
workers = 3
user = 'www'
limit_request_fields = 32000
limit_request_field_size = 0
raw_env = 'DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=project.settings'

We use cookies. If you continue to browse the site, you agree to the use of cookies. For more information on our use of cookies please see our Privacy Policy.