by agronholm

agronholm / typeguard

Run-time type checker for Python

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This library provides run-time type checking for functions defined with

PEP 484 
_ argument (and return) type annotations.

Four principal ways to do type checking are provided, each with its pros and cons:

. the

  • debugger friendly (except when running with the pydev debugger with the C extension installed)
  • does not work reliably with dynamically defined type hints (e.g. in nested functions)

    . the

  • automatically type checks yields and sends of returned generators (regular and async)

  • adds an extra frame to the call stack for every call to a decorated function

    . the stack profiler hook (
    with TypeChecker('packagename'):
    ) (deprecated):

  • emits warnings instead of raising

  • requires very few modifications to the code

  • multiple TypeCheckers can be stacked/nested

  • does not work reliably with dynamically defined type hints (e.g. in nested functions)

  • may cause problems with badly behaving debuggers or profilers

  • cannot distinguish between an exception being raised and a

    being returned

    . the import hook (

  • automatically annotates classes and functions with

    on import
  • no code changes required in target modules

  • requires imports of modules you need to check to be deferred until after the import hook has been installed

  • may clash with other import hooks

See the documentation_ for further instructions.

.. _documentation: https://typeguard.readthedocs.io/en/latest/

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