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acidanthera
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NVMeFix

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NVMeFix is a set of patches for the Apple NVMe storage driver, IONVMeFamily. Its goal is to improve compatibility with non-Apple SSDs. It may be used both on Apple and non-Apple computers.

The following features are implemented:

  • Autonomous Power State Transition to reduce idle power consumption of the controller.
  • Host-driver active power state management.
  • Workaround for timeout panics on certain controllers (VMware, Samsung PM981).

Other incompatibilities with third-party SSDs may be addressed provided enough information is submitted to our bugtracker.

Unfortunately, some issues cannot be fixed purely by a kernel-side driver. For example, MacBookPro 11,1 EFI includes an old version of NVMHCI DXE driver that causes a hang when resuming from hibernaton with full disk encryption on.

Installation

NVMeFix requires at least Lilu 1.4.1 and at least 10.14 system version. It may be compatible with older systems, but has not been tested.

It may be installed to

/Library/Extensions
on 10.15 and earlier, or injected by the bootloader on all versions.

Configuration

-nvmefdbg
enables detailed logging for
DEBUG
build.

-nvmefoff
disables the kext.

-nvmefaspm
forces ASPM L1 on all the devices. This argument is recommended exclusively for testing purposes, as for daily usage one could inject
pci-aspm-default
device property with
<02 00 00 00>
value into the SSD devices and bridge devices they are connected to onboard. Updated values will be visible as
pci-aspm-custom
in the affected devices.

Some SSDs misbehave when APST is on. NVMeFix attempts to detect broken motherboard and SSD combinations and work around them. Motherboard is detected via IORegistry keys injected by Clover, or NVRAM variables provided by OpenCore.

APST table entries specify minimum idle latency for the transition to occur. Maximum acceptable latency is 100000 microseconds, and may be overriden via little-endian 8-byte property

ps-max-latency-us
of parent PCI device (e.g.
IOService:/AppleACPIPlatformExpert/[email protected]/AppleACPIPCI/[email protected],5/IOPP/[email protected]
). If set to 0, APST will be disabled completely.

Diagnostics

RELEASE
build will only log high-level information about failures.

DEBUG
build will additionally log used power states, detailed error messages, and attempt to fetch APST status and table from the controller.

APST enable status is posted to the IONVMeController IORegistry entry

apst
key.

If active power management initialisation is successful, an

NVMePMProxy
entry will be created in the IOPower IORegistry plane with IOPowerManagement dictionary.

Information about power states supported by the controller may be obtained e.g. using

smartmontools
. For example, in the following output the controller reports 5 states, where the former three high-power states will be used by NVMeFix for active power management, and the latter two may be used for APST depending on
ps-max-latency-us
.
Supported Power States
St Op     Max   Active     Idle   RL RT WL WT  Ent_Lat  Ex_Lat
 0 +     9.00W       -        -    0  0  0  0        0       0
 1 +     4.60W       -        -    1  1  1  1        0       0
 2 +     3.80W       -        -    2  2  2  2        0       0
 3 -   0.0450W       -        -    3  3  3  3     2000    2000
 4 -   0.0040W       -        -    4  4  4  4     6000    8000

IONVMeFamily supports the following debug flag bitfield, which are passed either via

nvme
bootarg or
debug.NVMe
sysctl:
1: Log some events via kprintf
2: Detailed event trace via kernel_debug with 0x61500xx debugid
4: PRP-related event trace via kernel_debug with 0x61540xx debugid
8: Force disable LPSR for Apple controllers
16: Perform only PCI initialisation of NVMe controller
32: Ignore initialisation errors
128: Disable LPSR for Apple controllers
512: Disable Unmap feature for IONVMeBlockStorageDevice

IONVMeFamily supports the following additional bootargs:

nand-io-timeoutms: Timeout for NVMe requests in ms, 35 s by default
enable-IO-log: Issue CORE_DEBUG_ENABLE_IOLOG ASP command (for Apple controllers)

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