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Exercises for beginners to learn SQL

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Learn SQL

If you haven't already make sure you watch this video which will teach you all the basics of SQL in 60 minutes.

After watching the video try to complete the exercises listed below using the data provided in this repository.

All of the solutions are available in the repository, and this video goes over all of the solutions.

Setup

First drop your existing database that was created in the tutorial.

DROP DATABASE record_company;

Copy the code inside the schema.sql file, paste it into MySQL Workbench, and run it. (This file contains the code necessary to create and add the tables from the tutorial video)

Exercises

1. Create a Songs Table

Solution

This table should be called

songs
and have four properties with these exact names. 1.
id
: An integer that is the primary key, and auto increments. 2.
name
: A string that cannot be null. 3.
length
: A float that represents the length of the song in minutes that cannot be null. 4.
album_id
: An integer that is a foreign key referencing the albums table that cannot be null.

After successfully creating the table copy the code from data.sql into MySQL Workbench, and run it to populate all of the data for the rest of the exercises. If you do not encounter any errors, then your answer is most likely correct.

2. Select only the Names of all the Bands

Solution

Change the name of the column the data returns to

Band Name

| Band Name | |-------------------| | Seventh Wonder | | Metallica | | The Ocean | | Within Temptation | | Death | | Van Canto | | Dream Theater |

3. Select the Oldest Album

Solution

Make sure to only return one result from this query, and that you are not returning any albums that do not have a release year.

| id | name | releaseyear | bandid | |----|------------------------|--------------|---------| | 5 | ...And Justice for All | 1988 | 2 |

4. Get all Bands that have Albums

Solution

There are multiple different ways to solve this problem, but they will all involve a join.

Return the band name as

Band Name
.

| Band Name | |-------------------| | Seventh Wonder | | Metallica | | The Ocean | | Within Temptation | | Death | | Van Canto |

5. Get all Bands that have No Albums

Solution

This is very similar to #4 but will require more than just a join.

Return the band name as

Band Name
.

| Band Name | |---------------| | Dream Theater |

6. Get the Longest Album

Solution

This problem sounds a lot like #3 but the solution is quite a bit different. I would recommend looking up the SUM aggregate function.

Return the album name as

Name
, the album release year as
Release Year
, and the album length as
Duration
.

| Name | Release Year | Duration | |----------------|--------------|-------------------| | Death Magnetic | 2008 | 74.76666593551636 |

7. Update the Release Year of the Album with no Release Year

Solution

Set the release year to 1986.

You may run into an error if you try to update the release year by using

release_year IS NULL
in the WHERE statement of your UPDATE. This is because MySQL Workbench by default will not let you update a table that has a primary key without using the primary key in the UPDATE statement. This is a good thing since you almost never want to update rows without using the primary key, so to get around this error make sure to use the primary key of the row you want to update in the WHERE of the UPDATE statement.

8. Insert a record for your favorite Band and one of their Albums

Solution

If you performed this correctly you should be able to now see that band and album in your tables.

9. Delete the Band and Album you added in #8

Solution

The order of how you delete the records is important since album has a foreign key to band.

10. Get the Average Length of all Songs

Solution

Return the average length as

Average Song Duration
.

| Average Song Duration | |-----------------------| | 5.352472513259112 |

11. Select the longest Song off each Album

Solution

Return the album name as

Album
, the album release year as
Release Year
, and the longest song length as
Duration
.

| Album | Release Year | Duration | |-----------------------------|--------------|----------| | Tiara | 2018 | 9.5 | | The Great Escape | 2010 | 30.2333 | | Mercy Falls | 2008 | 9.48333 | | Master of Puppets | 1986 | 8.58333 | | ...And Justice for All | 1988 | 9.81667 | | Death Magnetic | 2008 | 9.96667 | | Heliocentric | 2010 | 7.48333 | | Pelagial | 2013 | 9.28333 | | Anthropocentric | 2010 | 9.4 | | Resist | 2018 | 5.85 | | The Unforgiving | 2011 | 5.66667 | | Enter | 1997 | 7.25 | | The Sound of Perseverance | 1998 | 8.43333 | | Individual Thought Patterns | 1993 | 4.81667 | | Human | 1991 | 4.65 | | A Storm to Come | 2006 | 5.21667 | | Break the Silence | 2011 | 6.15 | | Tribe of Force | 2010 | 8.38333 |

12. Get the number of Songs for each Band

Solution

This is one of the toughest question on the list. It will require you to chain together two joins instead of just one.

Return the band name as

Band
, the number of songs as
Number of Songs
.

| Band | Number of Songs | |-------------------|-----------------| | Seventh Wonder | 35 | | Metallica | 27 | | The Ocean | 31 | | Within Temptation | 30 | | Death | 27 | | Van Canto | 32 |

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