WASI libc implementation for WebAssembly
WASI Libc is a libc for WebAssembly programs built on top of WASI system calls. It provides a wide array of POSIX-compatible C APIs, including support for standard I/O, file I/O, filesystem manipulation, memory management, time, string, environment variables, program startup, and many other APIs.
WASI Libc is sufficiently stable and usable for many purposes, as most of the POSIX-compatible APIs are stable, though it is continuing to evolve to better align with wasm and WASI.
The easiest way to get started with this is to use wasi-sdk, which includes a build of WASI Libc in its sysroot.
To build a WASI sysroot from source, obtain a WebAssembly-supporting C compiler (currently this is only clang 8+, though we'd like to support other compilers as well), and then run:
make WASM_CC=/path/to/clang/with/wasm/support \ WASM_AR=/path/to/llvm-ar \ WASM_NM=/path/to/llvm-nm
This makes a directory called "sysroot", by default. See the top of the Makefile for customization options.
To use the sysroot, use the
/path/to/wasm/supporting/c/compiler --sysroot=/path/to/the/newly/built/sysroot ...
to run the compiler using the newly built sysroot.
Note that Clang packages typically don't include cross-compiled builds of compiler-rt, libcxx, or libcxxabi, for
libclang_rt.builtins-wasm32.a, libc++.a, or libc++abi.a, respectively, so they may not be usable without extra setup. This is one of the things wasi-sdk simplifies, as it includes cross-compiled builds of compiler-rt, libc++.a, and libc++abi.a.