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Sceptive
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Description

The new-age password manager.

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# 614,898
Ruby
3 commits

Forgiva Open Source Edition

For more information please refer to https://www.forgiva.com

Overview

Forgiva is a brand new password managing idea. It's developed by security professionals to maintain and protect passwords far more better than any other commercial solution available on the market.

  • It never stores your passwords anywhere! There is nothing to crack.
  • Resistant to key-loggers.
  • Combines various hashing and encryption algorithms depending on your master-key. Thus makes very difficult to estimate an effective brute-force and/or dictionary attack.
  • You can choose complexity depending on your paranoia level.

Installation

$ gem install forgiva

Usage

Just type

forgiva
on the command line to run, and pick any password depending on your favourite animal.
$ forgiva

  .-" L_    FORGIVA  (Open Source Edition)

;', / ( o\ The new-age password manager \ ; `' / ;_/"'.__.-"

Hostname: abc.com Account: superuser Master password: Master password (again): Generating...

Ape 0en8qxxbTopbKD_ Bat OJJ6+wv6bx2wscf Bear tFOAx/@[email protected] Whale l/RiCiHlKz_c3+Xt Crow 0d4nXlk7mx,6g16H Dog xdYhK.Tr,O,wSXBb Duck tTGbDlVWdDJv!3Pj Cat +kEWip3mU_6DhWkz Wasp SGAl789+hsdoM_qD Fox X0wxIXc_KdGC1z9t Gull vnkEml-27mJJ1DmC Hyena scpcqlNhTdpjbn.7 Lion TiMrSkoCjOj5wQ-+ Panda iDJ+fkJDiv,8y+-h Rat map_sqAjAucsDsPh Shark n1*-a4.BzPbAugUP Spider Iuw6T%4qDVQyRiZh Turtle PndQxbYFm0%HsCNf Wolf Q%eLIONHqscny7on Zebra VQRD!27jVnVSpC.E

Command line options:

forgiva [-h HOST] [-a ACCOUNT-ID] [-l LENGTH] [-s] [-c [1-3]] [-e] [OPTION...]

Help Options: -?, --help Show help options

Application Options: -h, --host-name=HOST Host/Web Site/Domain name (e.g.: facebook.com) -a, --account=ACCOUNT-ID Account id to log-in to host such as such as e-mail address or nick-name etc. -r, --renewal-date=DATE Date for passwords to generate -l, --length=LENGTH Password length (Default: 16) -s, --save-credentials Save host name and account to local database to remember next time -c, --complexity=C_LEVEL 0-3 complexity level of password generation. (Default: 0) -e, --select-credentials Select host and account info from saved list of credentials. If just host or account specified then you get filtered credentials. -t, --test Runs core tests for the algorithm -p, --scrypt Use scrypt algorithm to strengthen algorithm

Release notes

- 1.0.1.3 and 1.0.1.4
    - Added scrypt support with -p/--scrypt option
    - Fixed various parameter parsing bugs

Algorithm

(Note: After 1.0.1.4 version, SCrypt support added)

Forgiva uses following digest and encryption algorithm to complex password generation phases:

for encryption;

des-ede3-cbc camellia-128-cbc camellia-192-cbc camellia-256-cbc cast5-cbc bf-cbc aes-128-cbc aes-192-cbc aes-256-cbc

for hashing;

sha512 sha384 sha256 sha224 sha1 sha md5 md4 ripemd160

Depending on data provided by the user Forgiva may or may not use all the encryption and hashing algorithms in an password re-generation process.

Algorithm uses 4 key data to generate password(s);

  • Host (ex. google.com/facebook.com/192.168.0.1 etc.)
  • Account (ex. root/[email protected] etc.)
  • Renewal date
  • Master key (SHA512 hash value of user entered key)

Basic Algorithms

A. Hashing

Forgiva generates hashes by keeping key-space stable. n-bits of data gets hashed to n-bits of data by dividing data into hash-size.

algorithm forgiva-hashing
    Input: Value to get hashed as DATA, Hashing algorithm HALG
    Output: Hashed input data
    if HALG.hash-size < data-size
        start_index = 0
        end_index = HALG.hash-size
        while start_index < DATA size
            input_block = DATA content from start_index to end_index
            output_block = HALG.hash(input_block)
            result = result appended output_block
            start_index = end_index
            end_index = start_index + HALG.hash-size
        return result with the same size of DATA
    else
        return ALG.hash(DATA)
B. Iterative Hashing

Resembles hashing a value with various algorithms which are chosen by the characters of the value. Before getting into algorithm it must be understood that hashing algorithms are contained in an array and gets chosen by index number of it.

algorithm forgiva-iterative-hashing
    Input: Value to hashed as DATA, Algorithm array AARRAY
    Ouput: Hashed input data
    final_value = DATA
    for each character C in DATA
         algorithm = AARRAY index of (C code num modulus AARRAY)
         final_value = forgiva-hash(final_value, algorithm)
    return final_value
C. Encrypting

Encryption process with Forgiva is totally same with the algorithms except;

  • Data block sizes gets fit into algorithm block sizes by padding zeroes or shortening.
  • Encryption key gets put into PBKDF2HMACSHA1 algorithm with 10_000 iteration and initialization vector (IV) is set as 'SHA512' value of encryption key.
D. Iterative Encryption

It's totaly same iteration-method used iterative hashing by using encryption algorithm array. As a different approach there is two input data and one will be used data to get encrypted and the other one will be used as key.

algorithm forgiva-iterative-encryption
    Input: Value to get encrypted as DATA, Value to used in encryption as DATA2, Algorithm array AARRAY
    Ouput: Encrypted input data
    final_value = DATA
    for each character C in DATA
         algorithm = AARRAY index of (C code num modulus AARRAY size)
         final_value = forgiva-encrypt(algorithm,final_value,DATA2)
    return final_value

Password generation process

1. Iterative hashing

Host, Account, Renewal Date and Master key gets into forgiva-iterative-hashing algorithm twice.

    Output: Hashed Host -> HHOST
            Hashed Account -> HACCOUNT
            Hashed Renewal Date -> HRDATE
            Hashed Master Key -> HMKEY

2. Iterative encryption

Hashed datas gets into forgiva-iterative-encryption process as pairs and finally whole encryption phase reduces into one result.

    algorithm forgiva-encrypted-inputs
        Input: Hashed Host as HHOST, Hashed Account HACCOUNT, Hashed Renewal Date HRDATE, Hashed Master Key as HMKEY
        Output: Encrypted result as DATA
        first_pair_pre = forgiva-iterative-encryption(HHOST, HACCOUNT)
        first_pair = forgiva-iterative-encryption(first_pair_pre, HMKEY)
        second_pair = forgiva-iterative-encryption(HRDATE,HMKEY)
        return forgiva-iterative-encryption(first_pair,second_pair)

3. Password derivation

Forgiva uses PBKDF2-HMAC as base of the key-derivation family and uses forgiva-encypted-inputs as salt mechanism.

Depending on choices of the complexity it uses SHA1 (Normal),SHA256 (Intermediate) and SHA512 (Advanced) hashing algorithms.

Note: After 1.0.1.4 Algorithm; SCrypt support added

    algorithm key-derivation
        Input: forgiva-encrypted-inputs as SALT, SHA512 value of master key as KEY
        Output: Array of password sized of animal count
        hash = KEY
        if scrypt_required
            hash = scrypt(hash,SALT,131072,8,1) // n = 2^7 , p=8, r=1 
        for each Animal
            hash = PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1(hash,SALT, 10.000 iterationg with 32 bit key expectation)
            password = forgiva-hash-to-password(hash)
            push password to return animal array

3.1. Hash to password conversion

Due to choice of complexity Forgiva uses different character-ranges to generate a good password by using hashes.

    algorithm hash-to-password
        Input: Hashed value as DATA, characters which will be used in password as  CHARACTER_ARRAY
        Output: 512 bit of data as KEY
        temporary_hash = SHA512(DATA)
        for each character C in temporary_hash
            password += CHARACTER_ARRAY index of (C code num modulus CHARACTER_ARRAY size)
        return password

Intellectual Property

Except for the components mentioned within their own copyright restrictions, the Forgiva code in this repository is copyright (c) 2016 Sceptive and under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license.

References

[1] PKCS #5: Password-Based Cryptography Specification Version 2.0

[2] US Secure Hash Algorithms (SHA and HMAC-SHA)

[3] HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication

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