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Qihoo360

Description

Collect logs and send lines to Apache Kafka

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logkafka - Collect logs and send lines to Apache Kafka 0.8+

Introduction 中文文档

logkafka sends log file contents to kafka 0.8 line by line. It treats one line of file as one kafka message.

See FAQ if you wanna deploy it in production environment.

logkafka

Gitter

Features

Differences with other log aggregation and monitoring tools

The main differences with flume, fluentd, logstash are

  • Management of log collecting configs and state:

flume, fluentd, logstash keep log file configs and state locally: start local server for management of log file configs and state.

logkafka keep log file configs and state in zookeeper: watch the node in zookeeper for configs changing, record file position in local position file, and push position info to zookeeper periodically.

  • Order of log collecting

flume, fluentd, logstash all have INPUT type 'tail', they collecting all files simultaneously, without considering chronological order of log files.

logkafka will collect files chronologically.

Users of logkafka

details...

Requirements

  • librdkafka

  • libzookeeper_mt

  • libuv

  • libpcre2

  • PHP 5.3 and above (with zookeeper extension)

Build

Two methods, choose accordingly.

  1. Install librdkafka(>0.8.6), libzookeeper_mt, libuv(>v1.6.0), libpcre2(>10.20) manually, then

    cmake -H. -B_build -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=_install
    cd _build
    make -j4
    make install
    
  2. Just let cmake handle the dependencies ( cmake version >= 3.0.2 ).

    cmake -H. -B_build -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=_install \
                       -DINSTALL_LIBRDKAFKA=ON \
                       -DINSTALL_LIBZOOKEEPER_MT=ON \
                       -DINSTALL_LIBUV=ON \
                       -DINSTALL_LIBPCRE2=ON
    cd _build
    make -j4
    make install
    

Usage

Note: If you already have kafka and zookeeper installed, you can start from step 2 and replace zk connection string with your own in the following steps, default is

127.0.0.1:2181
.
  1. Deploy Kafka and Zookeeper in local host
   tools/grid bootstrap
  1. Start logkafka
  • local conf

Customizing _install/conf/logkafka.conf to your needs

    zookeeper.connect = 127.0.0.1:2181
    pos.path       = ../data/pos.myClusterName
    line.max.bytes = 1048576
    ...
  • run

Run in the foreground

   _install/bin/logkafka -f _install/conf/logkafka.conf -e _install/conf/easylogging.conf

Or as a daemon

   _install/bin/logkafka --daemon -f _install/conf/logkafka.conf -e _install/conf/easylogging.conf
  1. Configs Management

Use UI or command line tools.

3.1 UI (with kafka-manager)

We add logkafka as one kafka-manager extension. You need to install and start kafka-manager, add cluster with logkafka enabled, then you can manage logkafka with the 'Logkafka' menu.

  • How to add cluster with logkafka enabled

logkafka

  • How to create new config

logkafka

  • How to delete configs

logkafka

  • How to list configs and monitor sending progress

logkafka

3.2 Command line tools

We use php script (tools/log_config.php) to create/delete/list collecting configurations in zookeeper nodes.

If you do not know how to install php zookeeper module, check this.

  • How to create configs

    Example:

    Collect apache access log on host "test.qihoo.net" to kafka brokers with zk connection string "127.0.0.1:2181". The topic is "apacheaccesslog".

       php tools/log_config.php --create \
                                --zookeeper_connect=127.0.0.1:2181 \
                                --logkafka_id=test.qihoo.net \
                                --log_path=/usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log.%Y%m%d \
                                --topic=apache_access_log
    

    Note:

    • [hosname, log_path] is the key of one config.
  • How to delete configs

       php tools/log_config.php --delete \
                                --zookeeper_connect=127.0.0.1:2181 \
                                --logkafka_id=test.qihoo.net \
                                --log_path=/usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log.%Y%m%d
    
  • How to list configs and monitor sending progress

       php tools/log_config.php --list --zookeeper_connect=127.0.0.1:2181
    

    shows

       logkafka_id: test.qihoo.net
        log_path: /usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log.%Y%m%d
        Array
        (
            [conf] => Array
                (
                    [logkafka_id] => test.qihoo.net
                    [log_path] => /usr/local/apache2/logs/access_log.%Y%m%d
                    [topic] => apache_access_log
                    [partition] => -1
                    [key] =>
                    [required_acks] => 1
                    [compression_codec] => none
                    [batchsize] => 1000
                    [message_timeout_ms] => 0
                    [follow_last] => 1
                    [valid] => 1
                )
    
    
    )

    More details about configuration management, see

    php tools/log_config.php --help
    .

Benchmark

We test with 2 brokers, 2 partitions

| Name | Description | | -------------------- | -------------------------- | | rtt min/avg/max/mdev | 0.478/0.665/1.004/0.139 ms | | message average size | 1000 bytes | | batchsize | 1000 | | requiredacks | 1 | | compressioncodec | none | | message_timeout_ms | 0 | | peak rates | 20.5 Mb/s |

Third Party

The most significant third party packages are:

  • confuse

  • easylogging

  • tclap

  • rapidjson

Thanks to the creators of these packages.

Developers

Make sure you have lcov installed, check this

compile with unittest and debug type

cmake -H. -B_build -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=_install \
                   -Dtest=ON \
                   -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug
cd _build
make
make logkafka_coverage  # run unittest

TODO

  1. Multi-line mode

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