Need help with QCSuper?
Click the “chat” button below for chat support from the developer who created it, or find similar developers for support.

About the developer

545 Stars 127 Forks GNU General Public License v3.0 68 Commits 50 Opened issues


QCSuper is a tool communicating with Qualcomm-based phones and modems, allowing to capture raw 2G/3G/4G radio frames, among other things.

Services available


Need anything else?

Contributors list


QCSuper is a tool communicating with Qualcomm-based phones and modems, allowing to capture raw 2G/3G/4G radio frames, among other things.

It will allow you to generate PCAP captures of it using either a rooted Android phone, an USB dongle or an existing capture in another format.

Screenshot of using QCSuper along with Wireshark

After having installed it, you can plug your rooted phone in USB and using it is as simple as:

./ --adb --wireshark-live

It uses the Qualcomm Diag protocol, also called QCDM or DM (Diagnostic Monitor) in order to communicate with your phone's baseband.

You want support, or to report that you device works or does not work? You can open a Github issue.

Table of contents


Blog post/demo: Presenting QCSuper: a tool for capturing your 2G/3G/4G air traffic on Qualcomm-based phones

More documentation:


QCSuper was tested and developed on Ubuntu 16.04, 18.04 and Windows 7. It depends on a few Python modules.

To use it, your phone must be rooted or expose a diag service port over USB. In order to check for compatibility with your phone, look up the phone's model on a site like GSMArena and check whether it has a Qualcomm processor.

In order to open PCAP files produced by QCSuper, you can use any Wireshark 2.x for 2G/3G frames, but you need at least Wireshark 2.5.x for 4G frames (and 2.6.x for individual NAS messages decrypted out of 4G frames). Ubuntu currently provides a recent enough build for all versions.

Ubuntu and Debian installation

Open a terminal and type the following:

# Download QCSuper
git clone [email protected]:P1sec/QCSuper.git qcsuper
cd qcsuper

Install dependencies

sudo apt install python3-pip wireshark sudo pip3 install --upgrade pyserial crcmod

Windows installation

On Windows, you will need to download and install your phone's USB drivers from your phone model. There is no generic way, search for your phone's model + "USB driver" or "ADB driver" on Google for instructions.

Then, you need to ensure that you can reach your device using

. You can find a tutorial on how to download and setup
here. The
adb shell
command must display a prompt to continue.

Then, follow these links on order to:

To install the required Python modules, open your command prompt and type:

pip3 install --upgrade pyserial crcmod

Still in your command prompt, move to the directory containing QCSuper using the

command. You can then execute commands (which should start with
instead of

Supported protocols

QCSuper supports capturing a handful of mobile radio protocols. These protocols are put after a GSMTAP header, a standard header (encapsulated into UDP/IP) permitting to identify the protocol, and GSMTAP packets are put into a PCAP file that is fully analyzable using Wireshark.

2G/3G/4G protocols can be broken into a few "layers": layer 1 is about the digital radio modulation and multiplexing, layer 2 handles stuff like fragmentation and acknowledgement, layer 3 is the proper signalling or user data.

QCSuper allows you most often to capture on layer 3, as it is the most pratical to analyze using Wireshark, and is what the Diag protocol provides natively (and some interesting information is here).

  • 2G (GSM): Layer 3 and upwards (RR/...)
  • 2.5G (GPRS and EDGE): Layer 2 and upwards (MAC-RLC/...) for data acknowledgements
  • 3G (UMTS): Layer 3 and upwards (RRC/...)
    • Additionally, it supports reassembling SIBs (System Information Blocks, the data broadcast to all users) in separate GSMTAP frames, as Wireshark currently can't do it itself: flag
  • 4G (LTE): Layer 3 and upwards (RRC/...)
    • Additionally, it supports putting decrypted NAS message, which are embedded encrypted embedded into RRC packet, in additional frames: flag

By default, the IP traffic sent by your device is not included, you see only the signalling frames. You can include the IP traffic you generate using the

option (IP being barely the layer 3 for your data traffic in 2G/3G/4G, at the detail that its headers may be compressed (ROHC) and a tiny PPP header may be included).

The data traffic you send uses a channel different from the signalling traffic, this channed is setup through the signalling traffic; QCSuper should thus show you all details relevant to how this channel is initiated.

Usage notice

In order to use QCSuper, you specify one input (e.g:

(Android phone),
) and one or more modules (
for opening Wireshark,
for writing traffic to a PCAP file,
for generic information about the device...).

A few commands you can type are:

# Open Wireshark directly, using a rooted Android phone as an input
./ --adb --wireshark-live

Same, but dump to a PCAP file instead of opening Wireshark directly

./ --adb --pcap-dump /tmp/my_pcap.pcap

Same, but using an USB modem exposing a Diag serial port

sudo ./ --usb-modem /dev/ttyHS2 --wireshark-live

Here is the current usage notice for QCSuper:

usage: [-h] [--cli] [--efs-shell] [-v]
                  (--adb | --usb-modem TTY_DEV | --dlf-read DLF_FILE | --json-geo-read JSON_FILE)
                  [--info] [--pcap-dump PCAP_FILE] [--wireshark-live]
                  [--memory-dump OUTPUT_DIR] [--dlf-dump DLF_FILE]
                  [--json-geo-dump JSON_FILE] [--decoded-sibs-dump]
                  [--reassemble-sibs] [--decrypt-nas] [--include-ip-traffic]
                  [--start MEMORY_START] [--stop MEMORY_STOP]

A tool for communicating with the Qualcomm DIAG protocol (also called QCDM or DM).

optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --cli Use a command prompt, allowing for interactive completion of commands. --efs-shell Spawn an interactive shell to navigate within the embedded filesystem (EFS) of the baseband device. -v, --verbose Add output for each received or sent Diag packet.

Input mode: Choose an one least input mode for DIAG data.

--adb Use a rooted Android phone with USB debugging enabled as input (requires adb). --usb-modem TTY_DEV Use an USB modem exposing a DIAG pseudo-serial port through USB. --dlf-read DLF_FILE Read a DLF file generated by QCSuper or QXDM, enabling interoperability with vendor software. --json-geo-read JSON_FILE Read a JSON file generated using --json-geo-dump.

Modules: Modules writing to a file will append when it already exists, and consider it Gzipped if their name contains ".gz".

--info Read generic information about the baseband device. --pcap-dump PCAP_FILE Generate a PCAP file containing GSMTAP frames for 2G/3G/4G, to be loaded using Wireshark. --wireshark-live Same as --pcap-dump, but directly spawn a Wireshark instance. --memory-dump OUTPUT_DIR Dump the memory of the device (may not or partially work with recent devices). --dlf-dump DLF_FILE Generate a DLF file to be loaded using QCSuper or QXDM, with network protocols logging. --json-geo-dump JSON_FILE Generate a JSON file containing both raw log frames and GPS coordinates, for further reprocessing. To be used in combination with --adb. --decoded-sibs-dump Print decoded SIBs to stdout (experimental, requires pycrate).

PCAP generation options: To be used along with --pcap-dump or --wireshark-live.

--reassemble-sibs Include reassembled UMTS SIBs as supplementary frames, also embedded fragmented in RRC frames. --decrypt-nas Include unencrypted LTE NAS as supplementary frames, also embedded ciphered in RRC frames. --include-ip-traffic Include unframed IP traffic from the UE.

Memory dumping options: To be used along with --memory-dump.

--start MEMORY_START Offset at which to start to dump memory (hex number), by default 00000000. --stop MEMORY_STOP Offset at which to stop to dump memory (hex number), by default ffffffff.


to pipe data from stdin or towards stdout is supported (gzipped content may not be detected).

Using QCSuper with an USB modem

You can use QCSuper with an USB modem exposing a Diag port using the

option, where
 is the name of the pseudo-serial device on Linux (such as 
and other possibilites) or of the COM port on Windows (such as

Please note that in most setups, you will need to run QCSuper as root in order to be able to use this mode, notably for handling serial port interference.

If you don't know which devices under

expose the Diag port, you may have to try multiple of these. You can try to auto-detect it by stopping the ModemManager daemon (
sudo systemctl stop ModemManager
), and using the following command:
sudo ModemManager --debug 2>&1 | grep -i 'port is QCDM-capable'
then Ctrl-C.

Please note that if you're not able to use your device with for example ModemManager in the first place, it is likely that it is not totally setup and that it will not work neither with QCSuper. A few possible gotchas are:

  • You didn't apply the proper mode switching command for your device.

  • If you bought a device that previously had a SIM from a different operator, your device may be sim-locked. You may have to use the unlock code from the former operator and submit it to the device, as if it was a PIN code:

    sudo mmcli -i 0 --pin=

If your Qualcomm-based USB device doesn't expose a Diag port by default, you may need to type the following through the AT port in order to enable the Diag port:


Please note that only one client may communicate with the Diag port at the same time. This applies to two QCSuper instances, or QCSuper and ModemManager instances.

If ModemManager is active on your system, QCSuper will attempt to dynamically add an udev rule to prevent it to access the Diag port and restart its daemon, as it's currently the best way to achieve this. It will suppress this rule when closed.

Supported devices

QCSuper was successfully tested with:

  • Sony Xperia Z (Phone) - 4G - works out of the box after rooting an enabling adb
  • Nexus 6P (Phone) - 4G - works out of the box after rooting an enabling adb
  • ZTE MF823 (USB Modem) - 4G - may require to mode-switch the device to CDC-WDM, set the device to factory mode, then execute the AT command mentioned above
  • ZTE MF667 (USB Modem) - 3G, 2011 - should work out of the box (may require mode switching)
  • Option Icon 225 (USB Modem) - 3G, 2008
  • Novatel Ovation MC998D (USB Modem)
  • ZTE WCDMA Technologies MSM MF110/MF627/MF636 (USB Modem)
  • ZTE 403zt (USB Modem) - 4G
  • OnePlus One and 3 (Phones)
  • Andromax A16C3H (Phone)
  • Samsung Galaxy S4 GT-I9505 (Phone)

Is it however aiming to be compatible with the widest possible range of devices based on a Qualcomm chipset, for the capture part.

Do no hesitate to report whether your device is successfully working or not through opening a Github issue.

Related tools using the Diag protocol

There are a few other open tools implementing bits of the Diag protocol, serving various purposes:

  • ModemManager: the principal daemon enabling to use USB modems on Linux, implements bits of the Diag protocol (labelled as QCDM) in order to retrieve basic information about USB modem devices.
  • SnoopSnitch (specifically gsm-parser): chiefly an Android application whose purpose is to detect potential attacks on the radio layer (IMSI catcher, fake BTS...). It also have a secondary feature to capture some signalling traffic to PCAP, which does not provide exactly the same thing as QCSuper (LTE traffic isn't encapsulated in GSMTAP for example, device support may be different).
    • diag-parser: A Linux tool that derivates from the PCAP generation feature from SnoopSnitch, somewhat improved, designed to work with USB modems.
  • MobileInsight: this Android application intends to parse all kinds of logs output by Qualcomm and Mediatek devices (not only those containing signalling information, but also proprietary debugging structures), and dumping these to a specific XML representation format. Does not provide user-facing PCAPs (but formerly used Wireshark as a backend for converting certain protocol information to XML).
  • qcombbdbg: A debugger for the Qualcomm baseband setting up itself by hooking a Diag command, through using the Diag command that allows to write to memory, for the Option Icon 225 USB modem.
  • OpenPST: A set of tools related to Qualcomm devices, including a GUI utility allowing, for example, to read data on the tiny embedded filesystem accessible through Diag (EFS).
  • SCAT: A tool with similar GSMTAP generation abilities, taking as input a serial port, also supporting Samsung Exynos.

We use cookies. If you continue to browse the site, you agree to the use of cookies. For more information on our use of cookies please see our Privacy Policy.