:earth_africa: A curated list of APIs, open data and ML/AI projects on climate change
This set of resources is based on my own research but feel free to add anything that I might have missed. If you'd like to contribute, feel free to:
Create a Pull Request with suggested changes, as described here.
Create an Issue with included
| name | url | description | | --- | --- | --- | | Climate Change AI | LINK | Climate Change AI aims to facilitate work at the nexus of climate change and machine learning. | | Driven Data | LINK | Data science competitions on some of the world's biggest social challenges | | Mattermore | LINK | Our mission is to bring the best and the brightest together to build data-driven solutions to climate change | | Open Climate Fix | LINK | Open Climate Fix is a new non-profit research and development lab using an open-source approach to search for ML problems where, if we solve a well-defined ML task, then there is likely to be a large climate impact. | | ZIND | LINK | Data Science competitions in Africa. It is a place to access African datasets and solve African problems. |
| name | url | sector | description | existing-r-pkg | | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | | Air Quality Index API | LINK | air quality | Air Quality Programmatic APIs offering Air quality Index data for more than 11000 station-level and 1000 city-level data | | | AQI API | LINK | air quality | Drive innovation through accurate, local air quality and weather data | | | Breezometer API | LINK | air quality | Air-Quality, Pollen, and Weather APIs | | | Brighter Planet API | LINK | carbon emissions | CM1 can assess CO2 emissions for a wide variety of activities, from transportation to computation to supply chains | | | Carbon Intensity API | LINK | carbon intensity | Data and 96+ hour forecast of carbon intensity and generation mix for each country/region/postcode in the UK | LINK | | Clean Power Research API | LINK | energy | Irradiance and Weather Data API | | | ClimaCell Weather API | LINK | weather | Weather and related risks data | | | Copernicus Climate Data Store API | LINK | atmosphere, biosphere, hydrology, ocean physics and biochemistry | This is the free data store of the EU's Copernicus program, which provides researchers with raw satellite sensor data and monthly aggregates | LINK | | Degree Days API | LINK | weather | Weather Data for Energy Professionals | | | Eurostat API | LINK | atmosphere, biosphere, hydrology | The European statistical networks API which provides data to various government statistics, data of the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) | LINK | | Green Web Foundation API Service | LINK | web | Check if a website can be found in the Green Web Database | | | Meteostat JSON API | LINK | weather | Historical weather data API | | | National Centers for Environmental Information | LINK | various | NCEI is the world’s largest provider of weather and climate data. Land-based, marine, model, radar, weather balloon, satellite, and paleoclimatic are just a few of the types of datasets available. Detailed descriptions of the available products and platforms are on their website. | LINK | | Noise Tube API | LINK | noise | Data on noise pollution | | | Open AQ API | LINK | air quality | An API for open air quality data | LINK | | Open Charge Map API | LINK | energy | The global public registry of electric vehicles charging locations | | | OpenWeatherMap API | LINK | weather | Weather and pollution data. Provides free or paid subscriptions. | | | Planet OS API | LINK | various | Weather, climate and environmental data | | | The National Renewable Energy Laboratory | LINK | energy | Helps access energy data on renewable energy and alternative fuel data. | | | United States Environmental Protection Agency | LINK | various | Access to EPA's rich datasets | | | Waterservices USGS API | LINK | water | The service lets you acquire near real-time water data from thousands of sites managed or monitored by the USGS across the US. | | | WattzOn Link API | LINK | energy | WattzOn Link is a software-as-a-service (SaaS) platform for retrieving billing and usage data from utility providers | | | WattzOn Snap API | LINK | energy | WattzOn Snap is a software-as-a-service (SaaS) platform for extracting usage data from images of bills from residential utility providers. | |
| name | url | sector | description | | --- | --- | --- | --- | | Atlas of Data on Earth | LINK | various | A portal hosting various data visualisations on climate change issues - each project gives a reference to the data used. | | Climate Change Data | LINK | various | The most important “general” datasets to have on climate change | | CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuels since 1751, By Nation | LINK | CO2 emissions | Per Country CO2 Emissions from fossil-fuels annually since 1751 till 2014. Data Data comes from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). | | CO2 PPM - Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | LINK | CO2 emissions | CO2 PPM - Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Data are sourced from the US Government's Earth System Research Laboratory, Global Monitoring Division. | | Data World Data | LINK | various | A range of environmental, geospatial, weather, air, etc. open datasets | | Environmental Intelligence | LINK | various | A GitHub repo collating numerous open data resources on climate change, water, forest, biodiversity, etc. | | Glacier Mass balance data | LINK | glaciers | Average cumulative mass balance of "reference" Glaciers worldwide from 1945-2014 sourced from US EPA and the World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS). | | Global Carbon Budget | LINK | various | Annual data publication of carbon cycle sources and sinks. | | Global Climate Change Data | LINK | air temperature | Average land temperature data from 1750－2015 | | Global Gridded Weather Data | LINK | temperature, precipitation, sun time, cloud cover, ground frost, vapour pressure, potential evapotranspiration | A large set of land weather data spanning 1901-2018, gridded into 0.5x0.5 deg squares. Data extrapolated from real weather station data. Details in: https://rmets.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/joc.3711 | | Global Temperature Time Series | LINK | air temperature | Combined Land-Surface Air and Sea-Surface Water Temperature Anomalies [i.e. deviations from the corresponding 1951-1980 means]. Global-mean monthly […] and annual means, 1880-present, updated through most recent month. | | Greenhouse gas emissions per 1000 kilocalories | LINK | CO2 emissions | Greenhouse gas emissions are measured in kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalents (kgCO₂eq) per 1000 kilocalories. | Hockeystick (R package) | LINK | various | R package to download and plot latest climate data. Datasets include CO2, multiple temperature records, climate stripes, sea levels, and sea-ice. | | How many gigatons of CO2...? | LINK | CO2 emissions | Data on CO2 remaining budget - Information Is Beautiful data vis with references to underlying data sources | | How to reduce the worlds carbon footprint by 2050 | LINK | CO2 emissions | Data on CO2 emissions - Information Is Beautiful data vis with references to underlying data sources | | IEA | LINK | various | Analysis and data visualizations of various environmental datasets usually allowing to donwload the underlying datasets. | | In Deep Water - can we offorfd to spill any oil? | LINK | oil spillage | Data on oil spillage - Information Is Beautiful data vis with references to underlying data sources | | India Air Quality Data | LINK | air pollution | This data is combined(across the years and states) and largely clean version of the Historical Daily Ambient Air Quality Data released by the Ministry of Environment and Forests and Central Pollution Control Board of India under the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP). | | Mega-What? | LINK | energy | World's largest and notable data sources - Information Is Beautiful data vis with references to underlying data sources | | Meteostat Python Package | LINK | various | Access and analyze historical weather and climate data with Python | | Methana - aka- natural gas | LINK | methane emissions | Data on methane emisisons - Information Is Beautiful data vis with references to underlying data sources | | NASA GISS Global Temperature | LINK | air temperature | Temperature anomaly data | | Nasa GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) Analysis | LINK | air temperature | Nasa GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) Analysis. Four different series are provided: Global Annual Temperature Anomalies (Land) 1880-2014, Global Annual Temperature Anomalies (Land and Ocean) 1880-2014, Hemispheric Temperature Anomalies (Land+ Ocean) 1880-2014 and Annual Temperature anomalies (Land + Ocean) for three latitude bands that cover 30%, 40% and 30% of the global area, respectively, 1900-2014. | | Natural disaster data | LINK | natural disasters | This dataset contains information on global occurrences of natural disasters and the economic damage caused by them. The included types of natural disaster are 'Drought', 'Earthquake', 'Extreme temperature', 'Extreme weather', 'Flood', 'Impact', 'Landslide', 'Mass movement (dry)', 'Volcanic activity' and 'Wildfire'. It also includes information on all these natural disasters combined. The time period is 1900-2018 with several missing values. | | NOAA Climate.gov data | LINK | various | A range of environmental datasets (weather, air & sea temperature) mainly for the US | | Our World in Data | LINK | CO2 emissions | Interactive data visualisation with an option to download the undelying data | | What a technologist can do about Climate Change? | LINK | various | A blog post showing data visualisations and analyses on climate change issues - each analysis gives a reference to the data used. | | World Bank Climate Change Data | LINK | various | Data from World Development Indicators and Climate Change Knowledge Portal on climate systems, exposure to climate impacts, resilience, greenhouse gas emissions, and energy use. |