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GoogleCloudPlatform
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Description

FaaS (Function as a service) framework for writing portable Go functions

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Functions Framework for Go

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An open source FaaS (Function as a Service) framework for writing portable Go functions, brought to you by the Google Cloud Functions team.

The Functions Framework lets you write lightweight functions that run in many different environments, including:

The framework allows you to go from:

func HelloWorld(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    fmt.Fprint(w, "Hello, World!")
}

To:

curl http://my-url
# Output: Hello, World!

All without needing to worry about writing an HTTP server or request handling logic.

Features

  • Build your Function in the same container environment used by Cloud Functions using buildpacks.
  • Invoke a function in response to a request
  • Automatically unmarshal events conforming to the CloudEvents spec
  • Portable between serverless platforms

Quickstart: Hello, World on your local machine

  1. Install Go 1.11+.

  2. Create a Go module:

    sh
    go mod init example.com/hello
    

    Note: You can use a different module name rather than

    example.com/hello
    .
  3. Create a

    function.go
    file with the following contents: ```golang package hello

    import ( "net/http" "fmt" )

    // HelloWorld writes "Hello, World!" to the HTTP response. func HelloWorld(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) { fmt.Fprint(w, "Hello, World!\n") } ```

    Note that you can use any file name or package name (convention is to make package name same as directory name).

  4. To run locally, you'll need to create a main package to start your server (see instructions below for container builds to skip this step and match your local development environment to production):

    sh
    mkdir cmd
    
  5. Create a

    cmd/main.go
    file with the following contents:
    golang
    package main
    import (
        "log"
        "os"
        "context"
        "github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/functions-framework-go/funcframework"
        "example.com/hello"
    )
    func main() {
        ctx := context.Background()
        if err := funcframework.RegisterHTTPFunctionContext(ctx, "/", hello.HelloWorld); err != nil {
            log.Fatalf("funcframework.RegisterHTTPFunctionContext: %v\n", err)
        }
        // Use PORT environment variable, or default to 8080.
        port := "8080"
        if envPort := os.Getenv("PORT"); envPort != "" {
            port = envPort
        }
        if err := funcframework.Start(port); err != nil {
            log.Fatalf("funcframework.Start: %v\n", err)
        }
    }
    
  6. Start the local development server: ```sh cd cmd go run main.go

    Output: Serving function...

    
    
  7. Send requests to this function using

    curl
    from another terminal window: ```sh curl localhost:8080

    Output: Hello, World!

    
    

Go further: build a deployable container

  1. Install Docker and the

    pack
    tool.

  2. Build a container from your function using the Functions buildpacks:

    sh
    pack build \
        --builder gcr.io/buildpacks/builder:v1 \
        --env GOOGLE_FUNCTION_SIGNATURE_TYPE=http \
        --env GOOGLE_FUNCTION_TARGET=HelloWorld \
        my-first-function
    
  3. Start the built container: ```sh docker run --rm -p 8080:8080 my-first-function

    Output: Serving function...

    
    
  4. Send requests to this function using

    curl
    from another terminal window: ```sh curl localhost:8080

    Output: Hello, World!

    
    

Run your function on serverless platforms

Google Cloud Functions

Deploy from your local machine using the

gcloud
command-line tool. Check out the Cloud Functions quickstart.

Container environments based on Knative

The Functions Framework is designed to be compatible with Knative environments. Just build and deploy your container to a Knative environment. Note that your app needs to listen

PORT
environment variable per Knative runtime contract.

Functions Framework Features

The Go Functions Framework conforms to the Functions Framework Contract, As such, it supports HTTP functions, background event functions, and CloudEvent functions (as of v1.1.0). The primary build mechanism is the GCP buildpacks stack, which takes a function of one of the accepted types, converts it to a full HTTP serving app, and creates a launchable container to run the server.

HTTP Functions

The Framework provides support for handling native Go HTTP-style functions:

func HTTPFunction(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) error {
    // Do something with r, and write response to w.
}

These functions are registered with the handler via

funcframework.RegisterHTTPFunctionContext
.

Background Event Functions

Background events are also supported. This type of function takes two parameters: a Go context and a user-defined data struct.

func BackgroundEventFunction(ctx context.Context, data userDefinedEventStruct) error {
    // Do something with ctx and data.
}

This type of event requires you to define a struct with the appropriate data fields (e.g. those for a PubSub message or GCS event) and pass that struct as the data parameter. See the samples for details.

The context parameter is a Go

context.Context
, and contains additional event metadata under a functions-specific key. This data is accesible via the
cloud.google.com/go/functions/metadata
package:
m := metadata.FromContext(ctx)

These functions are registered with the handler via

funcframework.RegisterEventFunctionContext
.

CloudEvent Functions

The Functions Framework provides support for unmarshalling an incoming CloudEvent payload into a

cloudevents.Event
object. These will be passed as arguments to your function when it receives a request.
func CloudEventFunction(ctx context.Context, e cloudevents.Event) error {
    // Do something with event.Context and event.Data (via event.DataAs(foo)).
}

These functions are registered with the handler via

funcframework.RegisterCloudEventFunctionContext
.

To learn more about CloudEvents, see the Go SDK for CloudEvents.

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