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Anthos sample application for retail banking

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Continuous Integration

Bank of Anthos

Bank of Anthos is a sample HTTP-based web app that simulates a bank's payment processing network, allowing users to create artificial bank accounts and complete transactions.

Google uses this application to demonstrate how developers can modernize enterprise applications using GCP products, including: GKE, Anthos Service Mesh, Anthos Config Management, Migrate for Anthos, Spring Cloud GCP, and Cloud Operations. This application works on any Kubernetes cluster.

If you’re using this app, please ★Star the repository to show your interest!

👓 Note to Googlers: Please fill out the form at go/bank-of-anthos-form if you are using this application.


| Sign in | Home | | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | | Login | User Transactions |

Service Architecture

Architecture Diagram

| Service | Language | Description | | ------------------------------------------------ | ------------- | -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- | | frontend | Python | Exposes an HTTP server to serve the website. Contains login page, signup page, and home page. | | ledger-writer | Java | Accepts and validates incoming transactions before writing them to the ledger. | | balance-reader | Java | Provides efficient readable cache of user balances, as read from

. | | transaction-history | Java | Provides efficient readable cache of past transactions, as read from
. | | ledger-db | PostgreSQL | Ledger of all transactions. Option to pre-populate with transactions for demo users. | | user-service | Python | Manages user accounts and authentication. Signs JWTs used for authentication by other services. | | contacts | Python | Stores list of other accounts associated with a user. Used for drop down in "Send Payment" and "Deposit" forms. | | accounts-db | PostgreSQL | Database for user accounts and associated data. Option to pre-populate with demo users. | | loadgenerator | Python/Locust | Continuously sends requests imitating users to the frontend. Periodically creates new accounts and simulates transactions between them. |

Quickstart (GKE)

Open in Cloud Shell

  1. Create a Google Cloud Platform project or use an existing project. Set the
    environment variable and ensure the Google Kubernetes Engine API is enabled.
gcloud services enable container --project ${PROJECT_ID}
  1. Clone this repository.
git clone
cd bank-of-anthos
  1. Create a GKE cluster.
gcloud services enable \
  --project ${PROJECT_ID}

REGION=us-central1 gcloud container clusters create-auto bank-of-anthos
--project=${PROJECT_ID} --region=${REGION}

  • GKE Standard mode:
gcloud beta container clusters create bank-of-anthos \
  --project=${PROJECT_ID} --zone=${ZONE} \
  --machine-type=e2-standard-2 --num-nodes=4 \
  --enable-stackdriver-kubernetes --subnetwork=default \
  --tags=bank-of-anthos --labels csm=
  1. Get credentials for the created cluster
  • GKE Autopilot mode:
gcloud container clusters get-credentials bank-of-anthos \
  --project=${PROJECT_ID} --region=${REGION}
  • GKE Standard mode:
gcloud container clusters get-credentials bank-of-anthos \
  --project=${PROJECT_ID} --zone=${ZONE}
  1. Deploy the demo JWT public key to the cluster as a Secret. This key is used for user account creation and authentication.
kubectl apply -f ./extras/jwt/jwt-secret.yaml
  1. Deploy the sample app to the cluster.
kubectl apply -f ./kubernetes-manifests
  1. Wait for the Pods to be ready.
kubectl get pods

After a few minutes, you should see:

NAME                                  READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
accounts-db-6f589464bc-6r7b7          1/1     Running   0          99s
balancereader-797bf6d7c5-8xvp6        1/1     Running   0          99s
contacts-769c4fb556-25pg2             1/1     Running   0          98s
frontend-7c96b54f6b-zkdbz             1/1     Running   0          98s
ledger-db-5b78474d4f-p6xcb            1/1     Running   0          98s
ledgerwriter-84bf44b95d-65mqf         1/1     Running   0          97s
loadgenerator-559667b6ff-4zsvb        1/1     Running   0          97s
transactionhistory-5569754896-z94cn   1/1     Running   0          97s
userservice-78dc876bff-pdhtl          1/1     Running   0          96s
  1. Access the web frontend in a browser using the frontend's
kubectl get service frontend | awk '{print $4}'

Example output - do not copy


Other Deployment Options

  • Workload Identity: See these instructions.
  • Cloud SQL: See these instructions to replace the in-cluster databases with hosted Google Cloud SQL.
  • Multicluster with Cloud SQL: See these instructions to replicate the app across two regions using GKE, Multi-cluster Ingress, and Google Cloud SQL.
  • Istio: Apply
    to your cluster to access the frontend through the IngressGateway.
  • Anthos Service Mesh: ASM requires Workload Identity to be enabled in your GKE cluster. See the workload identity instructions to configure and deploy the app. Then, apply
    to your cluster to configure frontend ingress.
  • Java Monolith (VM): We provide a version of this app where the three Java microservices are coupled together into one monolithic service, which you can deploy inside a VM (eg. Google Compute Engine). See the ledgermonolith directory.


See the Troubleshooting guide for resolving common problems.


See the Development guide to learn how to run and develop this app locally.

Demos Featuring Bank of Anthos

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