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Run in all nodes of your cluster before the cluster starts - lets you customize your cluster

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Cloud Dataproc Initialization Actions

When creating a Dataproc cluster, you can specify initialization actions in executables and/or scripts that Dataproc will run on all nodes in your Dataproc cluster immediately after the cluster is set up. Initialization actions often set up job dependencies, such as installing Python packages, so that jobs can be submitted to the cluster without having to install dependencies when the jobs are run.

How initialization actions are used

Initialization actions must be stored in a Cloud Storage bucket and can be passed as a parameter to the

command or the
API when creating a Dataproc cluster. For example, to specify an initialization action when creating a cluster with the
command, you can run:
gcloud dataproc clusters create  \
    [--initialization-actions [GCS_URI,...]] \
    [--initialization-action-timeout TIMEOUT]

During development, you can create a Dataproc cluster using Dataproc-provided regional initialization actions buckets (for example

gcloud dataproc clusters create ${CLUSTER} \
    --region ${REGION} \
    --initialization-actions gs://goog-dataproc-initialization-actions-${REGION}/presto/

:warning: NOTICE: For production usage, before creating clusters, it is strongly recommended that you copy initialization actions to your own Cloud Storage bucket to guarantee consistent use of the same initialization action code across all Dataproc cluster nodes and to prevent unintended upgrades from upstream in the cluster:

gsutil cp presto/ gs://${BUCKET}/
gcloud dataproc clusters create ${CLUSTER} --initialization-actions gs://${BUCKET}/

You can decide when to sync your copy of the initialization action with any changes to the initialization action that occur in the GitHub repository. Doing this is also useful if you want to modify initialization actions to meet your needs.

Why these samples are provided

These samples are provided to show how various packages and components can be installed on Dataproc clusters. You should understand how these samples work before running them on your clusters. The initialization actions provided in this repository are provided without support and you use them at your own risk.

Actions provided

This repository currently offers the following actions for use with Dataproc clusters.

Initialization actions on single node clusters

Single Node clusters have

set to
set to
. Most of the initialization actions in this repository should work out of the box because they run only on the master. Examples include notebooks, such as Apache Zeppelin, and libraries, such as Apache Tez. Actions that run on all nodes of the cluster, such as cloud-sql-proxy, also work out of the box.

Some initialization actions are known not to work on Single Node clusters. All of these expect to have daemons on multiple nodes.

  • Apache Drill
  • Apache Flink
  • Apache Kafka
  • Apache Zookeeper

Feel free to send pull requests or file issues if you have a good use case for running one of these actions on a Single Node cluster.

Using cluster metadata

Dataproc sets special metadata values for the instances that run in your cluster. You can use these values to customize the behavior of initialization actions, for example:

ROLE=$(/usr/share/google/get_metadata_value attributes/dataproc-role)
if [[ "${ROLE}" == 'Master' ]]; then
  ... master specific actions ...
  ... worker specific actions ...

You can also use the

flag of the
gcloud dataproc clusters create
command to provide your own custom metadata:
gcloud dataproc clusters create cluster-name \
    --initialization-actions ... \
    --metadata name1=value1,name2=value2,... \
    ... other flags ...

For more information

For more information, review the Dataproc documentation. You can also pose questions to the Stack Overflow community with the tag

. See our other Google Cloud Platform github repos for sample applications and scaffolding for other frameworks and use cases.

Mailing list

Subscribe to [email protected] for announcements and discussion.

Contributing changes


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