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ripgrep

by BurntSushi

BurntSushi /ripgrep

ripgrep recursively searches directories for a regex pattern

20.6K Stars 909 Forks Last release: about 1 month ago (12.1.1) Other 1.5K Commits 180 Releases

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ripgrep (rg)

ripgrep is a line-oriented search tool that recursively searches your current directory for a regex pattern. By default, ripgrep will respect your .gitignore and automatically skip hidden files/directories and binary files. ripgrep has first class support on Windows, macOS and Linux, with binary downloads available for every release. ripgrep is similar to other popular search tools like The Silver Searcher, ack and grep.

Build statusCrates.ioPackaging status

Dual-licensed under MIT or the UNLICENSE.

CHANGELOG

Please see the CHANGELOG for a release history.

Documentation quick links

Screenshot of search results

A screenshot of a sample search with ripgrep

Quick examples comparing tools

This example searches the entireLinux kernel source tree(after running

make defconfig && make -j8

) for

[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND

, where all matches must be words. Timings were collected on a system with an Intel i7-6900K 3.2 GHz.

Please remember that a single benchmark is never enough! See myblog post on ripgrepfor a very detailed comparison with more benchmarks and analysis.

| Tool | Command | Line count | Time | | ---- | ------- | ---------- | ---- | | ripgrep (Unicode) |

rg -n -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 452 | 0.136s | | git grep |

git grep -P -n -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 452 | 0.348s | | ugrep (Unicode) |

ugrep -r --ignore-files --no-hidden -I -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 452 | 0.506s | | The Silver Searcher |

ag -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 452 | 0.654s | | git grep |

LC\_ALL=C git grep -E -n -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 452 | 1.150s | | ack |

ack -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 452 | 4.054s | | git grep (Unicode) |

LC\_ALL=en\_US.UTF-8 git grep -E -n -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 452 | 4.205s |

Here's another benchmark on the same corpus as above that disregards gitignore files and searches with a whitelist instead. The corpus is the same as in the previous benchmark, and the flags passed to each command ensure that they are doing equivalent work:

| Tool | Command | Line count | Time | | ---- | ------- | ---------- | ---- | | ripgrep |

rg -uuu -tc -n -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 388 | 0.096s | | ugrep |

ugrep -r -n --include='\*.c' --include='\*.h' -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 388 | 0.493s | | GNU grep |

egrep -r -n --include='\*.c' --include='\*.h' -w '[A-Z]+\_SUSPEND'

| 388 | 0.806s |

And finally, a straight-up comparison between ripgrep, ugrep and GNU grep on a single large file cached in memory (~13GB, [

OpenSubtitles.raw.en.gz

](http://opus.nlpl.eu/download.php?f=OpenSubtitles/v2018/mono/OpenSubtitles.raw.en.gz)):

| Tool | Command | Line count | Time | | ---- | ------- | ---------- | ---- | | ripgrep |

rg -w 'Sherlock [A-Z]\w+'

| 7882 | 2.769s | | ugrep |

ugrep -w 'Sherlock [A-Z]\w+'

| 7882 | 6.802s | | GNU grep |

LC\_ALL=en\_US.UTF-8 egrep -w 'Sherlock [A-Z]\w+'

| 7882 | 9.027s |

In the above benchmark, passing the

-n

flag (for showing line numbers) increases the times to

3.423s

for ripgrep and

13.031s

for GNU grep. ugrep times are unaffected by the presence or absence of

-n

.

Why should I use ripgrep?

  • It can replace many use cases served by other search tools because it contains most of their features and is generally faster. (Seethe FAQ for more details on whether ripgrep can truly replace grep.)
  • Like other tools specialized to code search, ripgrep defaults to recursive directory search and won't search files ignored by your
    .gitignore
    /
    .ignore
    /
    .rgignore
    files. It also ignores hidden and binary files by default. ripgrep also implements full support for
    .gitignore
    , whereas there are many bugs related to that functionality in other code search tools claiming to provide the same functionality.
  • ripgrep can search specific types of files. For example,
    rg -tpy foo
    limits your search to Python files and
    rg -Tjs foo
    excludes Javascript files from your search. ripgrep can be taught about new file types with custom matching rules.
  • ripgrep supports many features found in
    grep
    , such as showing the context of search results, searching multiple patterns, highlighting matches with color and full Unicode support. Unlike GNU grep, ripgrep stays fast while supporting Unicode (which is always on).
  • ripgrep has optional support for switching its regex engine to use PCRE2. Among other things, this makes it possible to use look-around and backreferences in your patterns, which are not supported in ripgrep's default regex engine. PCRE2 support can be enabled with ```
  • P/--pcre2
    (use PCRE2 always) or 
  • -auto-hybrid-regex
    (use PCRE2 only if needed). An alternative syntax is provided via the 
  • -engine (default|pcre2|auto-hybrid) ``` option.
  • ripgrep supports searching files in text encodings other than UTF-8, such as UTF-16, latin-1, GBK, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS and more. (Some support for automatically detecting UTF-16 is provided. Other text encodings must be specifically specified with the ```
  • E/--encoding ``` flag.)
  • ripgrep supports searching files compressed in a common format (brotli, bzip2, gzip, lz4, lzma, xz, or zstandard) with the ```
  • z/--search-zip ``` flag.
  • ripgrep supportsarbitrary input preprocessing filterswhich could be PDF text extraction, less supported decompression, decrypting, automatic encoding detection and so on.

In other words, use ripgrep if you like speed, filtering by default, fewer bugs and Unicode support.

Why shouldn't I use ripgrep?

Despite initially not wanting to add every feature under the sun to ripgrep, over time, ripgrep has grown support for most features found in other file searching tools. This includes searching for results spanning across multiple lines, and opt-in support for PCRE2, which provides look-around and backreference support.

At this point, the primary reasons not to use ripgrep probably consist of one or more of the following:

  • You need a portable and ubiquitous tool. While ripgrep works on Windows, macOS and Linux, it is not ubiquitous and it does not conform to any standard such as POSIX. The best tool for this job is good old grep.
  • There still exists some other feature (or bug) not listed in this README that you rely on that's in another tool that isn't in ripgrep.
  • There is a performance edge case where ripgrep doesn't do well where another tool does do well. (Please file a bug report!)
  • ripgrep isn't possible to install on your machine or isn't available for your platform. (Please file a bug report!)

Is it really faster than everything else?

Generally, yes. A large number of benchmarks with detailed analysis for each isavailable on my blog.

Summarizing, ripgrep is fast because:

  • It is built on top ofRust's regex engine. Rust's regex engine uses finite automata, SIMD and aggressive literal optimizations to make searching very fast. (PCRE2 support can be opted into with the ```
  • P/--pcre2 ``` flag.)
  • Rust's regex library maintains performance with full Unicode support by building UTF-8 decoding directly into its deterministic finite automaton engine.
  • It supports searching with either memory maps or by searching incrementally with an intermediate buffer. The former is better for single files and the latter is better for large directories. ripgrep chooses the best searching strategy for you automatically.
  • Applies your ignore patterns in
    .gitignore
    files using a[
    RegexSet
    ](https://docs.rs/regex/1/regex/struct.RegexSet.html). That means a single file path can be matched against multiple glob patterns simultaneously.
  • It uses a lock-free parallel recursive directory iterator, courtesy of[
    crossbeam
    ](https://docs.rs/crossbeam) and[
    ignore
    ](https://docs.rs/ignore).

Feature comparison

Andy Lester, author of ack, has published an excellent table comparing the features of ack, ag, git-grep, GNU grep and ripgrep: https://beyondgrep.com/feature-comparison/

Note that ripgrep has grown a few significant new features recently that are not yet present in Andy's table. This includes, but is not limited to, configuration files, passthru, support for searching compressed files, multiline search and opt-in fancy regex support via PCRE2.

Installation

The binary name for ripgrep is

rg

.

Archives of precompiled binaries for ripgrep are available for Windows, macOS and Linux. Users of platforms not explicitly mentioned below are advised to download one of these archives.

Linux binaries are static executables. Windows binaries are available either as built with MinGW (GNU) or with Microsoft Visual C++ (MSVC). When possible, prefer MSVC over GNU, but you'll need to have the Microsoft VC++ 2015 redistributableinstalled.

If you're a macOS Homebrew or a Linuxbrew user, then you can install ripgrep from homebrew-core:

$ brew install ripgrep

If you're a MacPorts user, then you can install ripgrep from theofficial ports:

$ sudo port install ripgrep

If you're a Windows Chocolatey user, then you can install ripgrep from theofficial repo:

$ choco install ripgrep

If you're a Windows Scoop user, then you can install ripgrep from theofficial bucket:

$ scoop install ripgrep

If you're an Arch Linux user, then you can install ripgrep from the official repos:

$ pacman -S ripgrep

If you're a Gentoo user, you can install ripgrep from theofficial repo:

$ emerge sys-apps/ripgrep

If you're a Fedora user, you can install ripgrep from official repositories.

$ sudo dnf install ripgrep

If you're an openSUSE user, ripgrep is included in openSUSE Tumbleweedand openSUSE Leap since 15.1.

$ sudo zypper install ripgrep

If you're a RHEL/CentOS 7/8 user, you can install ripgrep fromcopr:

$ sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo=https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/carlwgeorge/ripgrep/repo/epel-7/carlwgeorge-ripgrep-epel-7.repo $ sudo yum install ripgrep

If you're a Nix user, you can install ripgrep fromnixpkgs:

$ nix-env --install ripgrep $ # (Or using the attribute name, which is also ripgrep.)

If you're a Debian user (or a user of a Debian derivative like Ubuntu), then ripgrep can be installed using a binary

.deb

file provided in eachripgrep release.

$ curl -LO https://github.com/BurntSushi/ripgrep/releases/download/11.0.2/ripgrep\_11.0.2\_amd64.deb $ sudo dpkg -i ripgrep\_11.0.2\_amd64.deb

If you run Debian Buster (currently Debian stable) or Debian sid, ripgrep isofficially maintained by Debian.

$ sudo apt-get install ripgrep

If you're an Ubuntu Cosmic (18.10) (or newer) user, ripgrep isavailable using the same packaging as Debian:

$ sudo apt-get install ripgrep

(N.B. Various snaps for ripgrep on Ubuntu are also available, but none of them seem to work right and generate a number of very strange bug reports that I don't know how to fix and don't have the time to fix. Therefore, it is no longer a recommended installation option.)

If you're a FreeBSD user, then you can install ripgrep from theofficial ports:

# pkg install ripgrep

If you're an OpenBSD user, then you can install ripgrep from theofficial ports:

$ doas pkg\_add ripgrep

If you're a NetBSD user, then you can install ripgrep frompkgsrc:

# pkgin install ripgrep

If you're a Haiku x86_64 user, then you can install ripgrep from theofficial ports:

$ pkgman install ripgrep

If you're a Haiku x86_gcc2 user, then you can install ripgrep from the same port as Haiku x86_64 using the x86 secondary architecture build:

$ pkgman install ripgrep\_x86

If you're a Rust programmer, ripgrep can be installed with

cargo

.

  • Note that the minimum supported version of Rust for ripgrep is 1.34.0, although ripgrep may work with older versions.
  • Note that the binary may be bigger than expected because it contains debug symbols. This is intentional. To remove debug symbols and therefore reduce the file size, run
    strip
    on the binary.
$ cargo install ripgrep

Building

ripgrep is written in Rust, so you'll need to grab aRust installation in order to compile it. ripgrep compiles with Rust 1.34.0 (stable) or newer. In general, ripgrep tracks the latest stable release of the Rust compiler.

To build ripgrep:

$ git clone https://github.com/BurntSushi/ripgrep $ cd ripgrep $ cargo build --release $ ./target/release/rg --version 0.1.3

If you have a Rust nightly compiler and a recent Intel CPU, then you can enable additional optional SIMD acceleration like so:

RUSTFLAGS="-C target-cpu=native" cargo build --release --features 'simd-accel'

The

simd-accel

feature enables SIMD support in certain ripgrep dependencies (responsible for transcoding). They are not necessary to get SIMD optimizations for search; those are enabled automatically. Hopefully, some day, the

simd-accel

feature will similarly become unnecessary. WARNING: Currently, enabling this option can increase compilation times dramatically.

Finally, optional PCRE2 support can be built with ripgrep by enabling the

pcre2

feature:

$ cargo build --release --features 'pcre2'

(Tip: use

--features 'pcre2 simd-accel'

to also include compile time SIMD optimizations, which will only work with a nightly compiler.)

Enabling the PCRE2 feature works with a stable Rust compiler and will attempt to automatically find and link with your system's PCRE2 library via

pkg-config

. If one doesn't exist, then ripgrep will build PCRE2 from source using your system's C compiler and then statically link it into the final executable. Static linking can be forced even when there is an available PCRE2 system library by either building ripgrep with the MUSL target or by setting

PCRE2\_SYS\_STATIC=1

.

ripgrep can be built with the MUSL target on Linux by first installing the MUSL library on your system (consult your friendly neighborhood package manager). Then you just need to add MUSL support to your Rust toolchain and rebuild ripgrep, which yields a fully static executable:

$ rustup target add x86\_64-unknown-linux-musl $ cargo build --release --target x86\_64-unknown-linux-musl

Applying the

--features

flag from above works as expected. If you want to build a static executable with MUSL and with PCRE2, then you will need to have

musl-gcc

installed, which might be in a separate package from the actual MUSL library, depending on your Linux distribution.

Running tests

ripgrep is relatively well-tested, including both unit tests and integration tests. To run the full test suite, use:

$ cargo test --all

from the repository root.

Translations

The following is a list of known translations of ripgrep's documentation. These are unofficially maintained and may not be up to date.

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