Disable discrete graphics (currently nvidia only)
Migrated from https://github.com/Lekensteyn/acpi-stuff
bbswitch is a kernel module which automatically detects the required ACPI calls for two kinds of Optimus laptops. It has been verified to work with "real" Optimus and "legacy" Optimus laptops (at least, that is how I call them). The machines on which these tests has performed are:
(note: there is no need to add more supported laptops here as the universal calls should work for every laptop model supporting either Optimus calls)
It's preferred over manually hacking with the acpi_call module because it can detect the correct handle preceding _DSM and has some built-in safeguards:
Precautionary measure : - On some machines, turning off the card is permanent and the card does not reappear on subsequents reboots, which can result into the screen staying black all the time, including the BIOS screen. If it occurs, first try to shutdown, unplug power cord, remove battery, wait 30s, then put everything back in and boot. If it's not solved, then the solution is to reset the BIOS to factory settings. Before executing bbswitch for the first time, it is therefore recommended to take note of the full key sequence in the BIOS to do a reset.
Build the module (kernel headers are required):
Then load it (requires root privileges, i.e.
If your card is supported, there should be no error. Otherwise, you get a "No such device" (ENODEV) error. Check your kernel log (dmesg) for more information.
If you have DKMS installed, you can install bbswitch in such a way that it survives kernel upgrades. It is recommended to remove older versions of bbswitch by running
dkms remove -m bbswitch -v OLDVERSION --allas root. To install the new version, simply run:
# make -f Makefile.dkms
To uninstall it, run:
# make -f Makefile.dkms uninstall
bbswitch has three commands to check the card status and switching (
#means "run with root privileges, i.e. run it prefixed with
# cat /proc/acpi/bbswitch 0000:01:00.0 ON
# tee /proc/acpi/bbswitch <<
If the card stays on when trying to disable it, you've probably forgotten to unload the driver,$ dmesg |tail -1 bbswitch: device 0000:01:00.0 is in use by driver 'nouveau', refusing OFF
Do not attempt to load a driver while the card is off or the card won't be usable until the PCI configuration space has been recovered (for example, after writing the contents manually or rebooting).
The module has some options that control the behavior on loading and unloading:load_stateandunload_state. Valid values are-1,0and1meaning "do not change the card state", "turn the card off" and "turn the card on" respectively. For example, if you want to havebbswitchdisable the card immediately when loading the module while enabling the card on unload, load the module with:# modprobe bbswitch load_state=0 unload_state=1
Theunload_statevalue can be changed on runtime, the above command yields the same behavior as:# modprobe bbswitch load_state=0 # echo 1 | tee /sys/module/bbswitch/parameters/unload_state
If not explictly set, the default behavior is not to change the power state of the discrete video card which equals toload_state=-1 unload_state=-1.
The Lenovo T410 and Lenovo T410s laptops need the module optionskip_optimus_dsm=1, otherwise it will detect the wrong methods which result in the card not being disabled.
Disable card on boot
These options can be useful to disable the card on boot time. Depending on your distribution,/etc/modules,/etc/modules.confor some other file can be used to load modules on boot time. Adding the below line to the file makes the card get disabled on boot:bbswitch load_state=0
Users ofkmodshould create/etc/modprobe.d/bbswitch.confcontainingoptions bbswitch load_state=0to set the default options. To load the module, systemd users should create/etc/modules-load.d/bbswitch.confcontainingbbswitch.
You have to update your initial ramdisk (initrd) for the changes propagate to the boot process. On Debian and Ubuntu, this can performed by runningupdate-initramfs -uas root.
Enable card on shutdown
Some machines do not like the card being disabled at shutdown.
Add the next initscript (/etc/init/bbswitch.conf) :description "Save power by disabling nvidia on Optimus" author "Lekensteyn " start on runlevel  stop on runlevel  pre-start exec /sbin/modprobe bbswitch load_state=0 unload_state=1 pre-stop exec /sbin/rmmod bbswitch
This module has been integrated in Bumblebee "Tumbleweed". Please report any issues on this module in the issue tracker and provide the following details:
dmesg | grep -C 10 bbswitch:
Submit your machine information on https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/752542; the instructions are listed in the bug description. Summary: install the packages containing
iasland then run:
wget http://lekensteyn.nl/files/get-acpi-info.sh sh get-acpi-info.sh
Information about the ACPI handles associated with PCI devices. Since this is a kernel module, you'll need kernel headers, gcc and automake. Commands:
git clone git://github.com/Lekensteyn/acpi-stuff.git --depth 1 cd acpi-stuff/acpi_dump_info make sudo make load cat /proc/acpi/dump_info
Upload the generated tarball on the above Launchpad URL and provide a link to the comment containing your report.