react-lazy-load-image-component

by Aljullu

React Component to lazy load images and components using a HOC to track window scroll position.

586 Stars 60 Forks Last release: 3 months ago (1.5.0) MIT License 112 Commits 23 Releases

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React Lazy Load Image Component Logo

React Lazy Load Image Component

React Component to lazy load images and other components/elements. Supports IntersectionObserver and includes a HOC to track window scroll position to improve performance.

"An easy-to-use performant solution to lazy load images in React"

Build Status Dependency Status Download counter License

Live demo (code)

Features

  • Includes two components (
    LazyLoadImage
    and
    LazyLoadComponent
    ) and a HOC (
    trackWindowScroll
    ) which adds scroll position tracking to any component you wish.
  • Handles scroll events, resize events and re-renders that might change the position of the components. And, of course, above-the-fold on initial render.
  • Placeholder by default with the same size of the image/component.
  • A custom placeholder component or image can be specified.
  • Built-in on-visible effects (blur, black and white and opacity transitions).
  • threshold is set to 100px by default and can be modified.
  • beforeLoad
    and
    afterLoad
    events.
  • debounce
    and
    throttle
    included by default and configurable.
  • Uses IntersectionObserver for browsers that support it.
  • Server Side Rendering (SSR) compatible.
  • TypeScript declarations hosted on DefinitelyTyped.

Installation

# Yarn
$ yarn add react-lazy-load-image-component

NPM

$ npm i --save react-lazy-load-image-component

LazyLoadImage
usage

import React from 'react';
import { LazyLoadImage } from 'react-lazy-load-image-component';

const MyImage = ({ image }) => (

attributes as props width={image.width} /> {image.caption}

);

export default MyImage;

Props

| Prop | Type | Default | Description | |:---|:---|:---|:---| | afterLoad |

Function
| | Function called after the image has been completely loaded. | | beforeLoad |
Function
| | Function called right before the placeholder is replaced with the image element. | | delayMethod |
String
|
throttle
| Method from lodash to use to delay the scroll/resize events. It can be
throttle
or
debounce
. | | delayTime |
Number
| 300 | Time in ms sent to the delayMethod. | | effect |
String
| | Name of the effect to use. Please, read next section with an explanation on how to use them. | | placeholder |
ReactClass
|
| React element to use as a placeholder. | | placeholderSrc |
String
| | Image src to display while the image is not visible or loaded. | | threshold |
Number
| 100 | Threshold in pixels. So the image starts loading before it appears in the viewport. | | useIntersectionObserver |
Boolean
| true | Whether to use browser's IntersectionObserver when available. | | visibleByDefault |
Boolean
| false | Whether the image must be visible from the beginning. | | wrapperClassName |
String
| | In some occasions (for example, when using a placeholderSrc) a wrapper span tag is rendered. This prop allows setting a class to that element. | | wrapperProps |
Object
| null | Props that should be passed to the wrapper span when it is rendered (for example, when using placeholderSrc or effect) | | ... | | | Any other image attribute |

Using effects

LazyLoadImage
includes several effects ready to be used, they are useful to add visual candy to your application, but are completely optional in case you don't need them or want to implement you own effect.

They rely on CSS and the corresponding CSS file must be imported:

import React from 'react';
import { LazyLoadImage } from 'react-lazy-load-image-component';
import 'react-lazy-load-image-component/src/effects/blur.css';

const MyImage = ({ image }) => ( );

The current available effects are:

  • blur
    : renders a blurred image based on
    placeholderSrc
    and transitions to a non-blurred one when the image specified in the src is loaded.

Screenshot of the blur effect

  • black-and-white
    : renders a black and white image based on
    placeholderSrc
    and transitions to a colorful image when the image specified in the src is loaded.

Screenshot of the black-and-white effect

  • opacity
    : renders a blank space and transitions to full opacity when the image is loaded.

Screenshot of the opacity effect

LazyLoadComponent
usage

import React from 'react';
import { LazyLoadComponent } from 'react-lazy-load-image-component';
import { ArticleContent, ArticleComments } from 'my-app';

const Article = ({ articleId }) => (

);

export default Article;

Props

| Prop | Type | Default | Description | |:---|:---|:---|:---| | afterLoad |

Function
| | Function called after the component has been rendered. | | beforeLoad |
Function
| | Function called right before the component is rendered. | | delayMethod |
String
|
throttle
| Method from lodash to use to delay the scroll/resize events. It can be
throttle
or
debounce
. | | delayTime |
Number
| 300 | Time in ms sent to the delayMethod from lodash. | | placeholder |
ReactClass
|
| React element to use as a placeholder. | | threshold |
Number
| 100 | Threshold in pixels. So the component starts loading before it appears in the viewport. | | useIntersectionObserver |
Boolean
| true | Whether to use browser's IntersectionObserver when available. | | visibleByDefault |
Boolean
| false | Whether the component must be visible from the beginning. |

Using
trackWindowScroll
HOC to improve performance

When you have many elements to lazy load in the same page, you might get poor performance because each one is listening to the scroll/resize events. In that case, it's better to wrap the deepest common parent of those components with a HOC to track those events (

trackWindowScroll
).

For example, if we have an

App
which renders a
Gallery
, we would wrap the
Gallery
component with the HOC.
import React from 'react';
import { LazyLoadImage, trackWindowScroll }
  from 'react-lazy-load-image-component';

const Gallery = ({ images, scrollPosition }) => (

{images.map((image) => )}
); // Wrap Gallery with trackWindowScroll HOC so it receives // a scrollPosition prop to pass down to the images export default trackWindowScroll(Gallery);

You must set the prop

scrollPosition
to the lazy load components. This way, they will know the scroll/resize events are tracked by a parent component and will not subscribe to them.

Props

LazyLoadImage

| Prop | Type | Default | Description | |:---|:---|:---|:---| | scrollPosition |

Object
| | Object containing
x
and
y
with the curent window scroll position. Required. | | afterLoad |
Function
| | Function called after the image has been rendered. | | beforeLoad |
Function
| | Function called right before the image is rendered. | | placeholder |
ReactClass
|
| React element to use as a placeholder. | | threshold |
Number
| 100 | Threshold in pixels. So the image starts loading before it appears in the viewport. | | visibleByDefault |
Boolean
| false | Whether the image must be visible from the beginning. | | wrapperProps |
Object
| null | Props that should be passed to the wrapper span when it is rendered (for example, when using placeholderSrc or effect) | | ... | | | Any other image attribute |

Component wrapped with

trackWindowScroll
(in the example,
Gallery
)

| Prop | Type | Default | Description | |:---|:---|:---|:---| | delayMethod |

String
|
throttle
| Method from lodash to use to delay the scroll/resize events. It can be
throttle
or
debounce
. | | delayTime |
Number
| 300 | Time in ms sent to the delayMethod from lodash. | | useIntersectionObserver |
Boolean
| true | Whether to use browser's IntersectionObserver when available. |

Notice you can do the same replacing

LazyLoadImage
with
LazyLoadComponent
.

When to use
visibleByDefault
?

The prop

visibleByDefault
makes the LazyLoadImage to behave like a normal
. Why is it useful, then?

Imagine you are going to lazy-load an image you have already loaded in the same page. In that case, there is no need to lazy-load it because it's already stored in the cache of the user's browser. You can directly display it.

Maybe the following code snippet will make it more clear:

import React from 'react';
import { LazyLoadImage, trackWindowScroll }
  from 'react-lazy-load-image-component';

const Gallery = ({ images, scrollPosition }) => (

// We are loading landscape.jpg here Beautiful landscape {images.map((image) => )}
);

export default trackWindowScroll(Gallery);

Demos

Screenshot of the react-lazy-load-image-component in use

Common errors

All images are being loaded at once

This package loads images when they are visible in the viewport. Before an image is loaded, it occupies 0x0 pixels, so if you have a gallery of images, that means all images will be in the visible part of the page until the first ones load and start pushing down the other ones.

To fix this issue, make sure you either set a

height
and
width
props or a
placeholder
to your images.

Effects are not working

You need to import the effect CSS as shown in the Using effects code example.

Also, notice browsers might behave differently while images are loading. Some times, while an image is not completely loaded yet, the browser will show a white background behind it, making the effect not to be visible. This is an issue with browsers and not something that can be fixed in this package.

Warning: setState(...): Can only update a mounted or mounting component.

That warning might appear if there are two components using

trackWindowScroll
at the same time. Notice it's not possible to have a LazyLoadImage/LazyLoadComponent inside another LazyLoadComponent for now. Also, make sure you are passing down
scrollPosition
to all components wrapped inside
trackWindowScroll
.

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