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About the developer

AlexAkulov
294 Stars 69 Forks MIT License 211 Commits 23 Opened issues

Description

Tool for easy ClickHouse backup and restore with cloud storages support

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clickhouse-backup

Build Status GoDoc Telegram Docker Image

Tool for easy ClickHouse backup and restore with cloud storages support

Features

  • Easy creating and restoring backups of all or specific tables
  • Efficient storing of multiple backups on the file system
  • Uploading and downloading with streaming compression
  • Support of incremental backups on remote storages
  • Works with AWS, Azure, GCS, Tencent COS, FTP

Limitations

  • ClickHouse above 1.1.54390 and before 20.10 is supported
  • Only MergeTree family tables engines
  • Backup of 'Tiered storage' or
    storage_policy
    IS NOT SUPPORTED!
  • 'Atomic' database engine enabled by default in ClickHouse 20.10 IS NOT SUPPORTED!
  • Maximum backup size on cloud storages is 5TB
  • Maximum number of parts on AWS S3 is 10,000 (increase part_size if your database is more than 1TB)

Download

  • Download the latest binary from the releases page and decompress with:
tar -zxvf clickhouse-backup.tar.gz
  • Use the official tiny Docker image and run it like:
docker run --rm -it --network host -v "/var/lib/clickhouse:/var/lib/clickhouse" \
   -e CLICKHOUSE_PASSWORD="password" \
   -e S3_BUCKET="clickhouse-backup" \
   -e S3_ACCESS_KEY="access_key" \
   -e S3_SECRET_KEY="secret" \
   alexakulov/clickhouse-backup --help
  • Build from the sources:
GO111MODULE=on go get github.com/AlexAkulov/clickhouse-backup/cmd/clickhouse-backup

Usage

NAME:
   clickhouse-backup - Tool for easy backup of ClickHouse with cloud support

USAGE: clickhouse-backup [-t, --tables=.

]

VERSION: unknown

DESCRIPTION: Run as 'root' or 'clickhouse' user

COMMANDS: tables Print list of tables create Create new backup upload Upload backup to remote storage list Print list of backups download Download backup from remote storage restore Create schema and restore data from backup delete Delete specific backup default-config Print default config freeze Freeze tables clean Remove data in 'shadow' folder server Run API server help, h Shows a list of commands or help for one command

GLOBAL OPTIONS: --config FILE, -c FILE Config FILE name. (default: "/etc/clickhouse-backup/config.yml") --help, -h show help --version, -v print the version

Default Config

Config file location can be defined by

$CLICKHOUSE_BACKUP_CONFIG

All options can be overwritten via environment variables

general:
  remote_storage: s3           # REMOTE_STORAGE
  disable_progress_bar: false  # DISABLE_PROGRESS_BAR
  backups_to_keep_local: 0     # BACKUPS_TO_KEEP_LOCAL
  backups_to_keep_remote: 0    # BACKUPS_TO_KEEP_REMOTE
clickhouse:
  username: default            # CLICKHOUSE_USERNAME
  password: ""                 # CLICKHOUSE_PASSWORD
  host: localhost              # CLICKHOUSE_HOST
  port: 9000                   # CLICKHOUSE_PORT
  timeout: 5m                  # CLICKHOUSE_TIMEOUT
  data_path: ""                # CLICKHOUSE_DATA_PATH
  skip_tables:                 # CLICKHOUSE_SKIP_TABLES
    - system.*
  timeout: 5m                  # CLICKHOUSE_TIMEOUT
  freeze_by_part: false        # CLICKHOUSE_FREEZE_BY_PART
azblob:
  endpoint_suffix: "core.windows.net" # AZBLOB_ENDPOINT_SUFFIX
  account_name: ""             # AZBLOB_ACCOUNT_NAME
  account_key: ""              # AZBLOB_ACCOUNT_KEY
  sas: ""                      # AZBLOB_SAS
  container: ""                # AZBLOB_CONTAINER
  path: ""                     # AZBLOB_PATH
  compression_level: 1         # AZBLOB_COMPRESSION_LEVEL
  compression_format: gzip     # AZBLOB_COMPRESSION_FORMAT
  sse_key: ""                  # AZBLOB_SSE_KEY
s3:
  access_key: ""                   # S3_ACCESS_KEY
  secret_key: ""                   # S3_SECRET_KEY
  bucket: ""                       # S3_BUCKET
  endpoint: ""                     # S3_ENDPOINT
  region: us-east-1                # S3_REGION
  acl: private                     # S3_ACL
  force_path_style: false          # S3_FORCE_PATH_STYLE
  path: ""                         # S3_PATH
  disable_ssl: false               # S3_DISABLE_SSL
  part_size: 104857600             # S3_PART_SIZE
  compression_level: 1             # S3_COMPRESSION_LEVEL
  # supports 'tar', 'lz4', 'bzip2', 'gzip', 'sz', 'xz'
  compression_format: gzip         # S3_COMPRESSION_FORMAT
  # empty (default), AES256, or aws:kms
  sse: AES256                      # S3_SSE
  disable_cert_verification: false # S3_DISABLE_CERT_VERIFICATION
  debug: false                     # S3_DEBUG
  storage_class: STANDARD          # S3_STORAGE_CLASS
gcs:
  credentials_file: ""         # GCS_CREDENTIALS_FILE
  credentials_json: ""         # GCS_CREDENTIALS_JSON
  bucket: ""                   # GCS_BUCKET
  path: ""                     # GCS_PATH
  compression_level: 1         # GCS_COMPRESSION_LEVEL
  compression_format: gzip     # GCS_COMPRESSION_FORMAT
cos:
  url: ""                      # COS_URL
  timeout: 2m                  # COS_TIMEOUT
  secret_id: ""                # COS_SECRET_ID
  secret_key: ""               # COS_SECRET_KEY
  path: ""                     # COS_PATH
  compression_format: gzip     # COS_COMPRESSION_FORMAT
  compression_level: 1         # COS_COMPRESSION_LEVEL
  debug: false                 # COS_DEBUG
api:
  listen: "localhost:7171"     # API_LISTEN
  enable_metrics: false        # API_ENABLE_METRICS
  enable_pprof: false          # API_ENABLE_PPROF
  username: ""                 # API_USERNAME
  password: ""                 # API_PASSWORD
ftp:
  address: ""                  # FTP_ADDRESS
  timeout: 2m                  # FTP_TIMEOUT
  username: ""                 # FTP_USERNAME
  password: ""                 # FTP_PASSWORD
  tls: false                   # FTP_TLS
  path: ""                     # FTP_PATH
  compression_format: gzip     # FTP_COMPRESSION_FORMAT
  compression_level: 1         # FTP_COMPRESSION_LEVEL
  debug: false                 # FTP_DEBUG

ATTENTION!

Never change files permissions in

/var/lib/clickhouse/backup
. This path contains hard links. Permissions on all hard links to the same data on disk are always identical. That means that if you change the permissions/owner/attributes on a hard link in backup path, permissions on files with which ClickHouse works will be changed too. That might lead to data corruption.

API

Use the

clickhouse-backup server
command to run as a REST API server. In general, the API attempts to mirror the CLI commands.

GET /backup/tables

Print list of tables:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/tables | jq .

POST /backup/create

Create new backup:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/create -X POST | jq .
* Optional query argument
table
works the same as the
--table value
CLI argument. * Optional query argument
name
works the same as specifying a backup name with the CLI. * Full example:
curl -s 'localhost:7171/backup/create?table=default.billing&name=billing_test' -X POST

Note: this operation is async, so the API will return once the operation has been started.

POST /backup/upload

Upload backup to remote storage:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/upload/ -X POST | jq .
* Optional query argument
diff-from
works the same as the
--diff-from
CLI argument.

Note: this operation is async, so the API will return once the operation has been started.

GET /backup/list

Print list of backups:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/list | jq .

Note: The

Size
field is not populated for local backups.

POST /backup/download

Download backup from remote storage:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/download/ -X POST | jq .

Note: this operation is async, so the API will return once the operation has been started.

POST /backup/restore

Create schema and restore data from backup:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/restore/ -X POST | jq .
* Optional query argument
table
works the same as the
--table value
CLI argument. * Optional query argument
schema
works the same the
--schema
CLI argument (restore schema only). * Optional query argument
data
works the same the
--data
CLI argument (restore data only).

POST /backup/delete

Delete specific remote backup:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/delete/remote/ -X POST | jq .

Delete specific local backup:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/delete/local/ -X POST | jq .

POST /backup/freeze

Freeze tables:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/freeze -X POST | jq .

POST /backup/clean

Remove data in 'shadow' folder:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/clean -X POST | jq .

GET /backup/status

Display list of current async operations:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/status | jq .

API Configuration

GET /backup/config

Get the current running configuration:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/config | jq -r .Result > current_config.yml

GET /backup/config/default

Get the default configuration:

curl -s localhost:7171/backup/config/default | jq -r .Result > default_config.yml

POST /backup/config

Update the current running configuration:

curl -v localhost:7171/backup/config -X POST --data-binary '@new_config.yml'

Be sure to check return code for config parsing/validation errors.

Examples

Simple cron script for daily backup and uploading

#!/bin/bash
BACKUP_NAME=my_backup_$(date -u +%Y-%m-%dT%H-%M-%S)
clickhouse-backup create $BACKUP_NAME
clickhouse-backup upload $BACKUP_NAME

More use cases of clickhouse-backup

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